Geschichte der antiken Ethnologie
(Rowohlts Enzyklopädie Band 55589)
Reinbek: Rowohlt Taschenbuch-Verlag 1997
584 pp., DM 39.90; ISBN 3-499-55589-1
History of ethnology in antiquity
This is a new edition in one volume of the two-volume set first published in 1972 and 1980. For the present purpose some of the scientific apparatus (footnotes etc.) has been eliminated as well as several chapters on authors of minor importance for anthropology. The contents of eliminated chapters, however, have been summarized in the last chapter of the present edition. The book presents the first overview of ethnology from the beginnings to the end of antiquity. A first chapter deals with the Old Oriental cultures (Babylonians, Egyptians, Israelites, Phoenicians) as a basis used by the Greeks. Müller divides his book into several groups of authors: Homer and Hesiod; Anaximander to Aischylos; Protagoras to Poseidonios; from Varro to Ammianus Marcellinus, and from Plutarchos to Macrobius, sixty authors in all. The descriptions show a great variety of ideas, views on alterity of that time, descriptions, mechanisms, and consequences of culture contact, and the fact that old texts have been rather precise in their depictions.
Keywords: antique ethnology, antiquity and ethnology, anthropology in antiquity