Soziologie der Intrige. Der geheime Streit in der Triade, empirisch untersucht an drei historischen Fällen
(Soziologische Schriften Band 66)
Berlin: Duncker & Humblot 1997
289 pp., DM 98,-; ISBN 3-428-08956-1
The sociology of conspiracy. The secret quarrel in the triad, empirically researched in three historical cases
It is difficult to research conspiracies, intrigues, because the actors usually do not disclose their tactics and strategies of harming others, and available reports on conspiracies - usually by their victims - can be paranoid constructions. The author aims at defining "intrigue": Based on G. Simmel"s "Formenlehre" and Max Weber"s "Herrschaftssoziologie" he constructs an ideal type of the "intrigue". The three historical cases are taken from the National Socialist era: the seizure of power by the Nazis (1932/33: Papen and Hitler - through Hindenburg - against Schleicher), their consolidation of power (1934: Heydrich, Himmler, Reichenau and Göring against Röhm - through Hitler and the leadership of the Wehrmacht), and the expansion of power in 1938: misfired intrigues - dismissing Blomberg and Fritsch on "moral" grounds, and analyzed by Utz in the light of Weber"s categories of "Herrschaftssoziologie", charismatic and traditional rule, etc. The author finally establishes a "behavioral structure and sequential order of the intrigue", the dynamics of which includes an opening or beginning phase, the discrediting of the victim (the creation and placement of lies, the statement of a breach of norms) and the mobilization of the "executor", and the final phase: robbing the victim of the "price" of the intrigue, and handing over the price of the intrigue to the schemers.
Keywords: intrigue, conspiracy, schemers, Weber, M., Simmel, G., National Socialism, rule, charisma, "Herrschaftssoziologie", behavior of conspiracy, ideal types