The culturalist turn. Self-orientation in philosophy
Just as the so-called language-critical turn in the beginning of the 20th century has marked a change from the philosophy of consciousness to language philosophy, so 'methodological culturalism' attempts to perform a 'culturalist turn': In the second half of the 20th century in philosophy naturalism was superseded by culturalism after narrowing, reductionist tendencies of the naturalist discourse met with increasing resistence. There is unity among anti-naturalists that natural sciences are subject to societal and cultural practice and to immanent norms of rationality. Of epistemological importance is the fact of actors having a we-perspective of participation, being engaged in mutual action - which becomes schematized, and, if perpetuated, tradition. Eleven papers deal with methodological culturalism, a culturalist philosophy of technology, and a culturalist philosophy of culture and 'cultural sciences'.
Keywords: culturalist turn, philosophy of culture, naturalism and culturalism, natural sciences and culture, philosophy of technology