Precolonial history and expansion of the Avungara Azande. A critical survey of the sources
Ivanov attempts to reconstruct the pre-colonial history and the system of rule of the Avungara Azande whose fast expansion and resulting incorporation of heterogeneous groups accounts for the variety of their culture. The authoress tries to portray their and others' life in pre- and early colonial time, with special emphasis on their agency - that of the Avungara, but also of actors like traders from Northern Sudan appearing around 1850, traveling Europeans, colonial conquerors, and finally ethnographers. Ivanov argues that only in considering their roles it becomes possible to understand the Avungara policy of expansion. Ivanov deals with western imaginations about the Azande as cannibal warriors, the Egyptian administration of c.1869-1885, colonial conquest, and emergence and history of expansion of the Avungara and groups they dominated. An extensive appendix includes numerous detailed genealogies provided with extensive commentaries, maps, tables, etc.
Keywords: Avungara Azande, Azande, rule of Avungara, colonialism and Azande, agency of Avungara, cannibalism, expansion of Avungara, genealogies of Avungara