Sociology as a social, moral, and cultural science. On the subject, tasks, and methods of sociology, based on Karl Popper´s "Evolutionary theory of cognition"
To answer the question in the sub-title of the book Meleghy discusses the three sociological conceptions in the main title - using Popper´s above-mentioned framework as well as his "three-world-ontology" - for the purpose of integrating the three concepts. Following a theoretical introduction the author reconstructs Popper´s "evolutionary epistemological theory". He concludes: there are several sociological subject areas: social, normative, and cultural phenomena, and sociology should analyze them to solve problems, and for coping strategies. Meleghy opines that a genuinely "general sociology" does not yet exist (in the sense of a sociology of social phenomena). The latter would ask: Are there regularities of the Social which are valid in all spheres of life? A science of normative (moral) phenomena would ask: how, through which regularities and processes of numerous individual normative decisions do collective norms and institutions emerge, and how do institutions work? The central question of a sociology of cultural phenomena would be: How is it, that certain problem solutions do not hold for long and others are handed down from generation to generation and become part of tradition?
Keywords: sociology and culture, norms and sociology, morality and sociology, society and individual, individual and society, Popper, K., epistemology, ontology, evolutionary epistemological theory