The Vute in Cameroon. Social change among the Vute (Central Cameroon) influenced by Fulbe rule in South Adamaua, 1850-1900
Bantoid-speaking Vute, whose settlement area in Central Cameroon had been conquered by immigrating City Fulbe in the beginning of the 19th century, went to the Sanaga Plain and founded new political units there during the second half of the 19th century. Social organization in these chiefdoms may be regarded as one of the numerous interim forms leading from non-state to state societies. Of central importance for the increasing prosperity of chiefdoms - up to the conquest by the Germans in 1899 - have been warfare and Haussa trade. Seige describes the Fulbe conquest and its repercussions, resulting Vute exodus from ca. 1830 and their spreading in the Sanaga Plain after 1860, the emergence of the chiefdoms of Linte and Ngila after 1870 (which is assessed from the general perspective of territorial-political expansion), the organization of warfare, societal stratification in Vute chiefdoms at the point of colonial integration (1899), rights of the chief, free and bonded people, and characteristics of political consolidation processes in Vute chiefdoms from 1880 to 1899. The appendix includes various sources, maps, indices, a genealogical list, etc.
Keywords: Vute, Fulbe, colonial rule, political organization, chiefdoms in Africa, Linte chiefdom, Ngila chiefdom, warfare in Africa, Haussa trade