Artificial horizons. Alterity in South American literary representations
Holdenried discusses representations of alterity in South American literary texts ranging from Early Modernity to the present phase of ´globalized´ literatures. The texts include C. Columbus, Hans Staden, Jean de Lérys, Wieland, Georg Forster, A. von Humboldt, Robert Müller, Michael Roes, Edmond Jabès, and constitute a diachronic ´topography of the other´ - showing the ´how´ of the respective situating of otherness, functions in constituting ´collective identities´ and cultural topoi. Holdenried utilizes new anthropological approaches and interpretations from media science in combination with text-philological analysis. Regarding anthropological approaches she discusses the paradigmatic change towards ´writing culture´ and postmodern tendencies (e.g., Stephen Tyler), and concepts such as ´negotiation´, local knowledge, New Historicism, intercultural hermeneutics, or the ´empirical cultural sciences´ (H. Bausinger; i.e., ´folklore studies´ conceptualizing the study of one´s own culture). J. de Lérys´s "Histoire d´un voyage fait en la terre du Brésil" is discussed as an early model of the representation of alterity, texts inspired by Rousseau, and Diderot´s critique of colonialism are seen as ´positive projects´ of an anthropology of Enlightenment, and the last chapters deal with the ´hybridization of narrative´ and otherness as ´cultural imagery´. The appendix has translations of relevant literary text passages.
Keywords: literature and South America, representations of South America, Columbus, C., Staden, H., Lérys, J. de, Wieland, Forster, G., Humboldt, A.v., Müller, R., Roes, M., Jabès, E., negotiation, local knowledge, New Historicism, intercultural hermeneutics, hermeneutics, writing culture, Tyler, S., Geertz, C., postmodernism