Sufism in Germany. Germans on the path of mystic Islam
This is the first scientific survey portraying the broad range of universalistic and traditional Islamic-mystical communities and teachers in Germany (Hazrat Inayat Khan, Pir Vilayat Khan, I. and Omar Ali Shah, Naqshbandiyya-Haqqaniyya, Sheikh Nazim, Burhaniyya, Salah Eid, Halisiyye, Sheikh Abdullah Halis Dornbrach, Tariqah as-Safinah, Sheikh Bashir Ahmad Dultz). The author discusses some aspects of the history of reception of Sufism in the German language area, starting from medieval connections, by intellectuals (v. Hammer-Purgstall, J.W.v. Goethe, F. Rückert, F.A.G. Tholuck) and in oriental sciences. Major focus is on the Sufi orders whose members are mostly Germans. Many follow the Cyprus-based teacher Sheikh Nazim al-Haqqani of the Naqshbandi tradition. But there are German Sufi Sheikhs as well who have been initiated in oriental countries. Schleßmann discusses the following questions: what do teachers expect of their pupils?, what are the conditions for a successful Sufi life in the western context?, what do pupils expect? The author shows that the Sufi movement has consolidated after a period of 30 years.
Keywords: Sufis in Germany, Islam in Germany, mysticism in Germany, Naqshbandiyya-Haqqaniyya, Sheikh Nazim al-Haqqani, Nazim (Sheikh)