Inequalities in gainful employment. Individual resources, social closure, and vacant positions as determinants of professional careers
Based on secondary analyses of life course data Windzio shows that professional/job careers are influenced by structural context conditions, and hence, are not only the result of investments in individual educational resources. From the general discussion of inequality Windzio takes three structuring mechanisms of social inequality (individual resources, social closure, and vacant positions). The data of this event analysis have been taken from German sources between 1950 and 1988 - results show that there has been a change to a ´service job society´ and that these and age-demographic factors both influence the availability of vacant positions. The author also shows that access to attractive positions is limited to certain practices of social closure.
Keywords: inequality, social inequality, jobs and inequality, profession and inequality, event analysis, social closure, service jobs, education and jobs