Collective memory and cultures of remembering. An introduction
The topics are presented in a handbook- or textbook-like manner. The chapters discuss the ’invention´ of collective memory in the cultural sciences (M. Halbwachs, A. Warburg, P. Nora, A. and J. Assmann), specific ways of dealing with memory in the various disciplines, a heuristic cultural-semiotic model of collective memory and cultures of remembering aiming to include the various views on memory, media and memory, literature as a medium of collective memory, and the theory of narratology (the rhetoric of collective memory). Ertl names several reasons for publishing her book, based on the memory discourse in the US and the need for an ’explanatory pluralism´: historical processes of transformation (remembering the Shoah, end of the Cold War, decolonization, migration, changes of media technologies and effect of media, the memory discourse resulting from positions in the postmodern philosophy of history, and especially the recent trend in Germany of an added cultural-scientific dimension in many disciplines of the humanities.
Keywords: memory, collective memory, remembering, cultures of memory, Halbwachs, M., Warburg, A., Nora, P., Assmann, J., postmodernism