Rule, power, and influence. Colonial interactions at the Kavango (Northern Namibia) from 1891 to 1921
This book on the early colonial history of the Kavango region the home of mainly five Bantu peoples (Kwangali, Mbunza, Sambyu, Gciriku, and Mbukushu) discusses rule, power, and influence. They were the main task of colonial and missionary activity and in this competed with local political elites. First, it was a rather neutral encounter which developed into conflict, however. But it was a European-African encounter as well and thus it is part of colonial history in Africa. One factor influencing and determining European colonialism in Africa was confrontations among African peoples themselves they conditioned the spreading of power of European forces. Departing from the perspective of the colonial powers and adopting the one of African interaction Eckl primarily sees his study as a contribution to African historiography. Chapter 1 describes European striving for power in this region, a mix of diplomacy and violence; Chapter 2 describes interaction of the Kavango peoples and Catholic Mission related to the establishment of the missions in this area; Chapter 3 describes the competition between Germany and Portugal. In 1915 South African occupation troops controlled the German protection area which is described in Chapter 4, and Ch. 5 deals with the interaction of the Kavango population with the missions, focusing especially the Hompa, resp. Fumu.
Keywords: Kavango colonialism, colonialism in Kavango, Kwangali, Mbunza, Sambyu, Gciriku, Mbukushu, Hompa, Fumu, historiography of Africa