Encapsulating the other. Turkish, Polish, and Russian-German immigrants in Germany
The authors analyze the trend of ethnic notions and terms attached to immigrants in modern societies as an expression of symbolic power. This power is generated with the ethnically-marked difference of self and other. The authors think that in Germany the ’transformation´ effected in the process of immigration in the case of the above-mentioned immigrants does not lead to integration, or real inclusion, but to an ’encapsulation´ (Einhegung: let others remain in their identificatorial past and living one´s own identificatory past) of the others, a (hierarchical) positioning, where certain kinds of participation are granted, but others withheld. This leads to a new understanding, or modification of, inclusion vs. exclusion which includes a discussion of major theories of inclusion/exclusion (Heitmeyer, Stichweh, M. Weber, Bourdieu...).
Keywords: inclusion, exclusion, immigrants and participation, integration of immigrants, encapsulation vs. integration