Liakra: nicht-kultivierte Nahrungspflanzen der Albaner Nord-Lukaniens (Süditalien)
(Mensch, Kultur und Umwelt im zentralen Bergland von West-Neuguinea 23)

Curare 26.2003:221-235

##Liakra - Non-cultivated vegetarian food and diet of the Italo-Albanians in Northern Lucania, Southern Italy
Especially during spring the consumption of non-cultivated, weedy botanicals plays a central role in the diet of many rural Mediterranean regions, but very few ethnopharmacological and phytopharmacological studies have dealt exhaustively with such diets with additional health benefits. In this study we look at traditionally consumed minor elements of the diet of ethnic Albanians (Arbereshe) in the Vulture area (southern Italy) with acclaimed additional health benefits. Data on the ethnotaxonomy of these taxa, their ethnoecological role, their use and culinary importance are discussed. A total of 27 extracts from non-cultivated and weedy vegetables were tested for their Free Radical Scavenging Activity (FRSA) in the DPPH (1,1 -diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazil radical) screening assay and for their in vitro non-enzymatic inhibition of lipid peroxidation. In both assays strong activity was shown by extracts of Leopoldia comosa (bulbs, syn.: Muscari comosum), Centaurea calcitrapa (young whorls), Origanum heracleoticum (flowering tops), Urtica dioica (leaves) and Tordylium apulum (whorls.##

Keywords: nutraceuticals, liakra (weeds), ethno-biological taxa, indigenous knowledge (plants), ethnobotany