Zur Relevanz indigener Konzepte von Krankheit und Ansteckung für eine wirksamere HIV/Aids-Prävention im soziokulturellen Kontext am Beispiel von Mosambik
Curare 28.2005:247-264
Keywords: AIDS, HIV, culture and Aids, prevention of Aids, causes of Aids, ancestors and Aids

##Relevance of indigenous concepts of disease and contamination in the socio-cultural context for an effective HIV/AIDS prevention in Mozambique
Based on the need for a complementary integration as defined by G. DEVEREUX the article discusses indigenous concepts in the HIV/AIDS prevention. Stressing the different aims of indigenous healing in comparison to biomedicine the author shows how both concepts could complement each other if they would respect each other - all questions or practices that are not yet applied systematically in the HIV/AIDS prevention. The relevance of the indigenous concepts of diseases and contamination is analysed in the perspective of HIV/AIDS prevention in Mozambique. Starting with the basic principles of ingenious traditional healing in Sub-Sahara Africa, the aetiologies used most are reviewed: ancestors (family spirits), foreign spirits, witchcraft, diseases "that comes from God". The question remains if parts of these indigenous concepts could be used in preventive work to make the HIV/AIDS prevention more effective. In order to do so the author looks at Mary DOUGLAS" model of pollution which summarizes concepts about social contamination and puts them often in relation to HIV/AIDS contamination perceptions in Mozambique. Indigenous concepts such as taboo break, pollution are considered as a punishment from the ancestors and are regarded as indigenous by their identification of the "real", hence the social/ spiritual causes and identified with HIV/AIDS. Because the ancestor aetiology, as well as the witchcraft aetiology, provide a social function of behaviour regulation, one should analyse and understand the function of these aetiologies for an effective HIV/AIDS prevention in Mozambique in order to verify which indigenous values are still effective and capable to mobilise a behaviour of social responsibility which makes the HIV/AIDS prevention more effective.##