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7160 -- CLADOS, CHRISTIANE

Maisfeld, Affe und Opfertod. Ein spätnascazeitliches Textil des Linden-Museums Stuttgart
Tribus 54.2005:71-88
Keywords: Nasca liturgy, war, sacrifice, death, rich harvest, harvest ritual, museology, textile interpretation, Fat Harvester

## Corn Field, Monkey and Death: A Nasca Textile of the Linden-Museum Stuttgart
This article is an anlysis of an extraordinary Nasca textile of the Ancient Americas collection of the Linden-Museum Stuttgart, inv.-no. 119.196 (Fig. 1). The textile whose design was probably produced by more than one needler consists of a black ground weaving with embroidered decoration in dark and light yellow covering completely the surface of the textile. The dimensions of the textile resemble those of a "manto", a coatlike garment of the former Paracas culture. The overall decoration of the textile of the Linden-Museum follows principles of a specific type of a Paracas manto done in the so-called block color style. Those garments generally show a checkerboard-like design consisting of blocks with the representation of complex figures that alterates with those without any representations. In contrast to a Paracas manto the presented textile shows a continuing sequence of blocks with figural representations (Fig. 3). Two basic motifs can be identified. Motif A shows a scene including five figures, all very prominent figures of the Nasca pantheon (Fig. 4). Figure A can be identified as a "fat" version of the so-called Harvester, a mythical being that is typical for representations on ceramics of the Nasca 5-7 phases (Fig. 5)... To summarize: The Nasca textile of the Ancient Americas collection of the Linden Museum. Stuttgart, is a manto of the Late Nasca period. Its design is ordered in blocks showing a ritual conducted in honor of the "Fat Harvester". The ritual includes the sacrifice of a pair of war captives and is probably connected with the consume of chicha. The representation of a Fat Harvcster, a warrior figure, the Mythical Monkey and two male or female war captives are standing for basic religious elements of Nasca liturgy namely war, sacrifice, death and rich harvest.##

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