Equality, power, and gender between shamanic culture and Confucian social teachings in the traditional society of Korea
The political and social development and gender relations in traditional Korean society is influenced by the two major factors of shamanic culture and Confucian teachings Ð so there are the two influences of equality and power. Only during the last millenium the Confucian teachings dominated. It removed women from offices of power and public life and destroyed the shamanic culture of equality. In myths, change of rituals, conditions in centers of power, and segregation the extent of, and difficulties in implementing the new, radical paradigm can be shown. Starting from the Yin and Yang principle, which is important for both teachings or movements, the author undertakes a historical reconstruction of equality, power and gender as social constructions. So Kim gives an overview of the shamanic culture and Confucianism and their influence on politics, society, and gender relations in the traditional society of Korea and then specifically focuses on equality, power and gender. The next chapters analyze gender in relation to equality and power in the foundation myths of tribes and empires, and then gender in in rituals and ancestor cult as a symbolic order of equality and power. The last chapters deal with power-related behavior of the sexes in the center of politics, in state organization and the job sector, and segregation as protection and repression.