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7226 -- ZAHORKA, HERWIG

Kerayan ein unzugängliches Hochland im Inneren Borneos mit Megalithen, Nassreiskulturen und Missionierung aus der Luft
Tribus 55.2006:221-245
Keywords: megaliths, rice cultivation, mission, dolmens, menhirs

Kerayan a remote highland in central Borneo with megaliths, wet rice cultivation, and airborne missionizing
##In the central northern mountains of East Kalimantan, in Kerayan Subdistrict, an undated Megalithic culture exists with alignments of urn dolmens, remains of dolmens, petroglyphs, and worked menhirs all indicating the use of metal tools in ancient times. Three newly discovered artifacts are described here, among them the "buffalo boulder". The area is settled by Lun Dayeh and Lun Baa Dayaks who are ethnohistorically, linguistically, and physically closely related to the Kelabit/Murut Dayak groups in Malaysia"s Sabah and Sarawak Federal States, and obviously scarcely to Dayak tribes in East Kalimantan. They keep water buffalos and, for an unknown duration, have tcnded very large rain-fed wet rice fields, which seem to have originated from the technique of the swamp rice cultivation...The Kerayan highland is not accessible by roads or by rivers because of numerous dangerous rapids and waterfalls. Until today, the access is only by small aircraft. After World War II a puritan American mission sect constructed a considerable number of grass landing strips on the plain terrain in efforts to evangelize the people comprehensively from the sky. Because of this, the traditional cultural Dayak identity was completely lost.##

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