Anthropological Abstracts

 

Cultural/Social Anthropology

from German-speaking countries

 

edited by

Ulrich Oberdiek

 

 

 

13. Abstracts of 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contents

 

 

 

Editorial                                                                                              7

                                              

 

General/Theoretical/Historical Studies                                                  9  

 

 

Regional Studies

 

                            Africa                                                                    73                      

 

                            The Americas                                                      101                      

 

                            Asia                                                                    109                              

 

                            Australia & Oceania                                            133  

 

 

                            Europe                                                                141

 

 

Periodicals Scanned                                                                        161                             

 

Author Index                                                                                   163   

 

 

Subject Index                                                                                  171  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Editorial

 

 

 

 

This reference journal is published once a year and announces - in English language – most new publications in the field of cultural/social anthropology published in the German language area (Austria, Germany, Switzerland). Since many of these publications have been written in German, and most of these publications in the field of anthropology are not included in major, English language abstracting services, Anthropological Abstracts (AA) offers an opportunity and convenient source of information for scholars who do not read German, to become aware of socio-cultural anthropological research and publications in German-speaking countries. Included are journal articles, monographs, edited volumes, exhibition catalogs, yearbooks, etc. Occasionally, publications in English, or French, are included as well if the publisher is less well-known internationally and if it is likely that such publications will not be noticed abroad.

Additionally, a printed version of Anthropological Abstracts is published with Lit Publishers, Muenster, Germany.

 

Some technical remarks

This reference journal uses a flexible approach: While publications are represented in the form of abstracts in most cases, for edited volumes the Current Contents method is applied, i.e. only authors and titles appear. So technically, this is a combined approach of an Abstracting Reference Journal and the Current Contents method of listing names and titles only.

Abstracts supplied by authors are marked by ## before and after the abstract. Due to space limitations they may be abbreviated. Up to three editors of an anthology will be listed; if there are more, only the first will appear (added by ‚et al.’).

Only those papers in journals will be abstracted that are relevant to cultural/social anthropology - which mainly applies in the case of interdisciplinary, or predominantly sociological journals. AA also tries to cover subjects related to, or influencing, anthropology, i.e. if texts are relevant for present discourses. Thus, there may be material from history, folklore studies, linguistics, sociology, philosophy, etc., if there is an intersection with present debates in anthropology.

Keywords serve as an "abstract of the abstract" - for a quick assessment of the contents. Page numbers in the Subject Index refer to the page where the Keywords listings appear.

The Subject Index – consisting of the Keywords of abstracts in alphabetical order – do not follow the Thesaurus principle but are chosen rather loosely and generously, according to need, and there is no strict formal rule or ‚normalization’ to limit their number. In many cases, Subject Index terms try to be specific rather than general, in order to reduce the time of searching. Thus, if there is a topic relating to ‚history’, it will be specified: like ‚history (Guinea)’, or ‚history and literacy’, so that users do not have to check all ‚history’ entries.

Regarding alphabetical order, the German Umlaut (ä, ö, ü) will be broken up into ae, oe, ue in the text, but is disregarded in the indexes.

 

The publishers, museums and research institutions must be thanked for their generally prompt deliveries of the books requested for Anthropological Abstracts.

 

 

 

PD Dr. Ulrich Oberdiek

Privatdozent (Reader), Institut für Ethnologie, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Germany

 

Contact:

Quäkerst. 7

79102 Freiburg/Germany

Phone+Fax: Germany:  0761/70 72 344

e-mail: Ulrich.Oberdiek@t-online.de


 

 

 

 

 

GENERAL/THEORETICAL/HISTORICAL STUDIES

 

 

 

AULENBACHER, BRIGITTE, MICHAEL MEUSER & BIRGIT RIEGRAF

Geschlecht, Ethnie, Klasse im Kapitalismus – Über die Verschränkung sozialer Verhältnisse und hegemonialer Deutungen im gesellschaftlichen Reproduktionsprozess

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 22.2012:5-27

Keywords: androcentrism, capitalism, class ethnicity, Eurocentrism, feminist theory, gender

 

##Gender, ethnicity, class in capitalism: About the intersection of social relations and hegemonic constructions in processes of societal repro-duction

This article asks how far social differentiation referring to gender and ethnicity as well as related inequalities are not only a result of capitalist economy but a structural feature of capitalism. The intersection of social relations and hegemonic constructions are the subject of analysis. Arguments and insights of regulation theory, feminist theory and men’s studies are discussed and continued. It is shown how andro- and eurocentric orientations were an essential feature of capitalism from its origin, and how they determined its historic specific societal structures, societal orders and dynamics. This is discussed focusing on the functional differentiation and the division of labour, inter- and intra-societal relations and hegemonic constructions, and referring to globalization and gender relations. It appears that historically capitalist formation inevitably must be seen as based on gendered and ethnic domination, but that there are also contingencies beside relations of subordination. New arrangements of domination as well as tendencies towards equity emerge. In conclusion, an epistemological outlook opens up for an analytical view in favor of perspectives which transcend the critical reflection on the western capitalist standpoint.##

 

 

 

 

AYAß, RUTH & CHRISTIAN MEYER (Eds.)

Sozialität in slow motion. Theoretische und empirische Perspektiven. Festschrift für Jörg Bergmann

Wiesbaden: Springer VS Verlag 2012

703 pp., Euro 89,95; ISBN 3-531-18346-6

Keywords: sociality, festschrift J. Bergmann, Bergmann, J., ethnomethodology, conversational analysis, practice, ‚slow motion’

 

Sociality in slow motion. Theoretical and empirical perspectives. Festschrift for Jörg Bergmann

The thirty papers in this festschrift, ten classical ones are reprints, are dedicated to Jörg Bergmann, protagonist of ethnomethodology and conversational analysis. The editors state that the two approaches have become increasingly important in science and technology studies (ethnomethodology) and interactional linguistics (conversational analysis) since the 1990s, and in Germany this increase is attributed to Bergmann. The papers are grouped under six headings – theoretical and historical perspectives, the social practice of knowledge, interactive subtle structures in slow motion, interaction and the integrity of body and soul, conversational practice and the micropolitics of state power, and finally, what can be said and the unmentionable at the borders of sociality.

 

 

 

BECK, STEFAN, JÖRG NIEWÖHNER & ESTRID SØRENSEN (Eds:)

Science and technology studies. Eine sozialanthropologische Einführung

(VerKörperungen/MatteRealities. Perspektiven empirischer Wissenschafts-forschung 17)

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2012

355 pp., Euro 29.80; ISBN 3-8376-2100-8

Keywords: Science + technology studies, theory of science, sociology of science, scientific knowledge, laboratory studies, Actor Network Theory, autopoiesis

 

Science and technology studies. A social-anthropological introduction

This volume is the first social-anthropological introduction to the field of the Science and technology studies in German language, discussing – besides basic theoretical and methodological aspects – classical and recent ethnographic contributions and the importance of materiality, knowledge and practice and infrastructures and classifications for understanding science and technology.

NIEWÖHNER, JÖRG, ESTRID SØRENSEN & STEFAN BECK: Einleitung [Introduction]

NIEWÖHNER, JÖRG: Von der Wissenschaftstheorie zur Soziologie der Wissenschaft [From the theory of science to sociology of science]

NIEWÖHNER, JÖRG: Von der Wissenschaftssoziologie zur Soziologie wissenschaftlichen Wissens [From the sociology of science to the sociology of scientific knowledge]

KEHL, CHRISTOPH & TOM MATHAR: Eine neue Wissenschafts-soziologie: Die Sociology of Scientific Knowledge und das Strong Programme [A new sociology of science: The Sociology of Scientific Knowledge and the Strong Programme ]

SØRENSEN, ESTRID: Die soziale Konstruktion von Technologie (SCOT) [The social construction of technology]

AMELANG, KATRIN: Laborstudien [Laboratory studies]

MATHAR, TOM: Akteur-Netzwerk Theorie [Actor Network Theory]

SØRENSEN, ESTRID: STS und Politik [STS and politics]

BECK, STEFAN: Rationalität – Wissenschaft – Technik [Rationality – Science - Technology]

KNECHT, MICHI: Ethnographische Praxis im Feld der Wissenschafts-, Medizin- und Technikanthropologie [Ethnographic practice in the field of scientific, medical, and technology anthropology]

KLAUSNER, MARTINA: Klassifikationen und Rückkopplungseffekte [Classifications and feedback effects]

BECK, STEFAN: Transnationale Infrastrukturen des Humanen: Technolo-gien als Mittel der gesellschaftlichen Autopoiesis [Transnational infrastructures of the Human: Technologies as means of societal autopoiesis]

SØRENSEN, ESTRID: Post-Akteur-Netzwerk Theorie [Post Actor Net-work Theory]

 

 

 

BERNER, ULRICH & JOHANNES QUACK (Eds.)

Religion und Kritik in der Moderne

(Religionen in der pluralen Welt. Religionswissenschaftliche Studien 9)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2012

245 pp., Euro 24,90; ISBN 3-643-10548-6

Keywords: religion and modernity, modernity and religion, critique of religion, Nietzsche, F., Rousseau, J.-J.

 

 

Religion and criticism in modernity

Since the attacks of September 11, 2001 and in debates on the „new atheists“ a simplified juxtaposition of religion and (rational) critique has become manifest. Contributions in the present volume, however, stress the variety of criticism of religion. The papers ranging in time from Early Modernity to the present discuss commonalities and differences of critiques of religion in North and South America, Europe, India and China, and compare methodological and theoretical approaches to religion and critique in modernity.

QUACK, JOHANNES: Einleitung: Religionswissenschaft, Religion und Kritik in der Moderne [Introduction: History of religion, religion and criticism in modernity]

FIGL, JOHANN: Religionswissenschaft, Religionskritik und Atheismus bei Friedrich Nietzsche [History of religion, critique of religion, and atheism in Friedrich Nietzsche]

GENTZ, JOACHIM: Religionskritik im Wandel der Orthodoxie. Vom Dritten Opiumkrieg und vom Aberglauben im China der 1980er Jahre [Changing critique of religion in orthdoxy. On the Third Opium War and on superstition in the China of the 1980s]

PLESSENTIN, ULF: Die „neuen Atheisten“ als religionspolitische Akteure [The „new atheists“ as relitious/political actors]

QUACK, JOHANNES: Arten des Unglaubens als „Mentalität“: Religionskritische Traditionen in Indien [Kinds of unbelief as „mentality“: Traditions critical of religion in India]

BERNER, ULRICH: Religiosität und Rationalität. Reginald Scot und die Kritik des Hexenglaubens in der Frühen Neuzeit [Religiosity and rationality. Reginald Scot and the critique of belief in witchcraft in Early Modernity]

HEWITT, MARSHA AILEEN: Critical theology, or Critical Theory? Aporias in the theology of liberation: Juan Luis Segundo revisited

SCHLIETER, JENS: Der Rationalitätsbegriff der naturalistischen Religionskritik [The notion of rationality of the naturalist critique of religion]

MOHN: JÜRGEN: Religionskritik als Religionsbegründung: Das funktio-nale Religionskonzept in Jean Jacques Rousseaus Contract social zwischen Christentumskritik und Apologie der Religion civile [Critique of religion as establishment of religion: The functional concept of religion in Jean Jacques Rousseau’s Contract social between critique of Christianity and apologia of the Religion civile]

 

 

BERNHARD, STEFAN & CHRISTIAN SCHMIDT-WELLENBURG (Eds.)

Feldanalyse als Forschungsprogramm 1. Der programmatische Kern

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2012

455 pp., Euro 39,99; ISBN 3-531-17871-4

Keywords: field analysis, social field, Bourdieu, P., relational sociology, praxeological sociology

 

Field analysis as a research program 1. The programmatic nucleus

The 15 contributions are based on a conference „The Research program of field analysis“ in Potsdam in 2011. They build on basically two sociological traditions: sociological neo-institutionalism of the 1980s and 1990s, and on the other hand the cultural-sociological, genetic-structuralist constructivism following the work of Bourdieu. And they show an affinity to recent developments in the area of relational sociology and praxeological sociology. The papers in the book strive to show – despite heterogeneity of objects of research, definitions of notions etc. – that they all can be subsumed under the common research program of „field analysis“.

 

 

 

BIERSCHENK, THOMAS & EVA SPIES (Eds.)

50 Jahre Unabhängigkeit in Afrika. Kontinuitäten, Brüche, Perspektiven

(Mainzer Beiträge zur Afrikaforschung 29)

Köln: Köppe Verlag 2012

572 pp, Euro 58,-; ISBN 3-89645-829-2

Keywords: independence, post-colonialism, colonialism, nation-building, film, corruption, kinship

 

50 years of African independence. Continuities, discontinuities, perspec-tives

The longevity of colonial economic and political structures makes one frequently forget the deep-rooted changes of Sub-Saharan Africa during the last 50 years – mainly in society and culturally, but also in economy and politics. The authors of the 23 papers in this book pose the question of „how independent“ Africa really is, and which changes can be observed.

##Contributions on religion, the media, cities, film, literature, music, or economics and politics trace the transformation process of recent decades and present a wide-ranging and multilayered account of Africa as it exists today. The essays also clearly demonstrate the longevity of the colonial economic and political structures which are increasingly at odds with societal and cultural dynamics. Today, it is above all the young cultural creators, academics and religious groups who are testing new paths to independence by dissociating themselves from the definitions of development and political models formulated by the Global North and their own elites, and are hence striving for „discursive sovereignty“ (Patrice Nganang).##

 

 

 

BIRKHAN, BARBARA

Foucaults ethnologischer Blick. Kulturwissenschaft als Kritik der Moderne

(Edition Kulturwissenschaft 17)

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2012

442 pp., Euro 34.80; ISBN 3-8376-1955-3

Keywords: cultural science, Foucault, M., ethnology and Foucault, anthropology and Foucault, Foucault as anthropologist, modernity and Foucault, subject/object

 

Foucault’s ethnological perspective. Cultural science as critique of modernity

The author focuses on Foucault’s self-image as an anthropologist. Using this perspective the author aims at describing a critical alternative to modernity, inherent in his analyses of society and his theoretical-methodological tools. The philosopher Foucault, who characterized his research as an anthropology of one’s own culture, has been, according to Birkhan, very much present in anthropology, and there has been the discussion of Foucault as an anthropologist in philosophy, too. In her book, Birkhan deals with the question of what and why Foucault criticizes, and she also presents the perspective of his critique and implicit alternatives. The author opines that Foucault’s negative critique of modernity follows a certain argumentative logic, which represents a positivity. The chapters follow topics like: distancing from modernity (including the Order of things), his anthropological perspective (dealing with the Archaeology of knowledge); then the strategy of ethnological change (epistemology of diversification, identity in modernity, etc.), and the last chapter deals with questioning and revising the position of the subject.

 

 

 

 

 

BRÄUNLEIN, PETER J.

Zur Aktualität von Victor W. Turner. Einleitung in sein Werk

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2012

187 pp., Euro 22,99; ISBN 3-531-16907-1

Keywords: Turner, V., ritual theory, liminality, Ndembu, communitas, conflict, crisis

 

Victor W. Turner today. An introduction to his work

Victor W. Turner is among the most influential anthropologists and cultural scientists after World War II. Together with Clifford Geertz and Mary Douglas Turner stands for the interpretive turn in the humanities. Inspired by his fieldwork among the Ndembu in Africa he has focused on processes of change, conflict, and crisis. His work on ritual, social drama, liminality, communitas etc. has been influential in literary science, semiotics, historical science, theology, history of religion, and sociology. The chapters deal with the Ndembu, British Social Anthropology, the Manchester School, Turner’s catholic background, the analysis of symbols, pilgrimage (with his wife Edith), and theater.

 

 

 

BRINKEL, TERESA

Volkskundliche Wissensproduktion in der DDR. Zur Geschichte eines Faches und seiner Abwicklung

(Studien zur Kulturanthropologie/Europäischen Ethnologie 6)

Wien: Lit Verlag 2012

317 pp., Euro 24,90; ISBN 3-643-80127-2

Keywords: Folklore Studies, oral history, history of Folklore Studies

 

The production of knowledge in Folklore Studies in the GDR. On the history of a discipline and its elimination

Applying a perspective of the history of knowledge the author shows how various practices of the production of knowledge in Folklore Studies in the GDR have been generated, and how they changed in the course of social-political discourse. In this way the author connects three levels: stragegies of folklore studies actors in science and cultural practice, mechanisms of the scientific system and the role of politics. This is backed by archival founds and oral history interviews. In focus is Folklore Studies at the Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften – the highest scientific institution in the GDR, the perspective of the influential folklorist Adolf Spamer, connections with the arts in the GDR, the Marxist perspective of Wolfgang Steinitz, how ethnography was taught at the Humboldt University of Berlin and other internal structural and content-related processes.

 

 

 

BROSIUS, CHRISTIANE & KARIN M. POLIT (Eds.)

Ritual, heritage and identity. The politics of culture and performance in a globalised world

New Delhi: Routledge 2011

308 pp., price unknown; ISBN 0-415-67796-7

Keywords: Ritual, heritage, identity, performance, globalization

 

##This book recognises ritualised performances as transnational and cross-cultural phenomena, which are not only tied to and defined via national territories and identities but which also demand new theoretical and methodological approaches towards the discussion of rituals and heritage. It explores the importance of ritual and ritual theory for discourses of authenticity and originality, thereby depending our insight into concepts of cultural heritage, identity and nation in a globalised world.##

 

 

 

CHARIM, ISOLDE, GERTRAUD AUER BOREA (Eds.)

Lebensmodell Diaspora. Über moderne Nomaden

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2012

272 pp., Euro 24,80; ISBN 3-8376-1872-3

Keywords: nomads, diaspora, identity, modern nomadism

 

The diaspora model of life. On modern nomads

The 24 brief papers in this book are based on talks of the „Kreisky Forum“, dedicated to the study of diaspora, over a longer period of time. Authors are Benedict Anderson, Saskia Sassen, Homi Bhabha, G.C. Spivak, Zygmunt Bauman, Ilija Trojanov, Natan Sznaider, but also less well-known scholars. The editors state that: The dynamics of global economy generates an increasingly unlimited mobility. While places and locations are able to follow the pull of flexibilization, people in these places are still caught in ‚fixed’ and rooted concepts of identity. However, cultures connected with nation states do not provide ‚mental reserves’ for the life of modern nomads. Papers in this book search for such a resource, taking diaspora as a repository of rich experiences.

 

CLARKE, ADELE E.

Situationsanalyse. Grounded Theory nach dem Postmodern Turn. Herausgegeben und mit einem Vorwort von Reiner Keller

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2012

304 pp., Euro 34,95; ISBN 3-531-17184-5

Keywords: situational analysis, Grounded Theory, postmodern turn

 

Situational analysis. Grounded Theory after the postmodern turn

Without recurring to the situational analysis of Max Gluckman’s Manchester School this sociological situational analysis follows the sociological approach of the Grounded Theory by enlarging it and opening new perspectives for qualitative research, i.e., in sociology: Precise mapping methods generate differentiated and complex empirical studies. For this purpose, interviews, ethnographic, historical, visual and other discursive material is used, including multi-site research. So, discourse, action, action and structure, image, script, and the historical dimension of phenomena produce „thick analyses“. Situational maps show important human, non-human, discursive and other elements and thus permit to analyze relations between them. Position maps show what key positions are taken or not taken – the situation becomes the analytical focus.

 

 

 

DAMME, WILFRIED VAN

Ernst Grosse and the birth of the anthropology of aesthetics

Anthropos 107.2012:497-509

Keywords: Grosse, E., aesthetics, anthropology of aesthetics

 

##It is generally held that anthropologists began methodically to confront questions of aesthetics only in the latter part of the 20th century. However, the philosopher and ethnologist Ernst Grosse (1862-1927) published already in 1891 an essay suggesting that anthropology holds the key to solving some of aesthetics’ most fundamental problems. He argued that such issues as universalism and cultural relativism in aesthetic preference could only be addressed fruitfully once anthropology’s empirical data and contextual and intercultural perspective were are taken into account. In doing so, Grosse was the first scholar to propose a systematic anthropological approach to aesthetics.##

 

 

 

DANZ, CHRISTIAN & ANDRE RITTER (Eds.)

Zwischen Kruzifix und Minarett. Religion im Fokus der Öffentlichkeit

(Studien zum interreligiösen Dialog 11)

Münster: Waxmann Verlag 2012

170 pp., Euro 24,90; ISBN 3-8309-2713-6

Keywords: religious dialog, interreligious dialog, religion and public

 

Between crucifix and minaret. Religion in public focus

The 11 papers in this volume are based on the conference Religion and transformation in contemporary European Society at the University of Vienna in 2011. The meeting has been convened by the European Institute for Intercultural and Interreligious Research. The perspective is that in recent years religion has become a stronger focus in public, and that debates on religion and culture have juridical and political implications. The recent decision of not allowing minarets in Switzerland shows that issues like this one are of a more general character dealing with the relation of religion and public. This pertains not only to Islam, but to Christianity as well, the „secular“ state etc. The papers discuss such issues from perspectives of several disciplines: social sciences, law, political science, history of religion, theology.

 

 

 

DEINES, STEFAN, DANIEL MARTIN FEIGE & MARTIN SEEL (Eds.)

Formen kulturellen Wandels

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2012

275 pp., Euro 29,80; ISBN 3-8376-1870-9

Keywords: change, cultural change, theories of change, sociocultural dynamics

 

Forms of cultural change

The 12 papers are based on a meeting at the University of Frankfurt in 2011. The focus is that cultures constantly undergo changes, sometimes radical ones. The papers tackle change from perspectives of the philosophy of history, sociology, action theory and the cultural sciences.

DEINES, STEFAN, DANIEL MARTIN FEIGE & MARTIN SEEL: Formen kulturellen Wandels – eine Einleitung [Introduction]

ROSA, HARTMUT: Triebkräfte soziokultureller Dynamik. Ein Vier-Ebenen-Modell des sozialen Wandels [Drives in sociocultural dynamics. A Four-level model of social change]

GERBER, DORIS: Möglichkeit und Intentionalität. Über die grund-legenden Bedingungen von historischen Veränderungen [On foundational conditions of historical change]

ANGEHRN, EMIL: Kultur zwischen Bewahrung und Veränderung. Eine hermeneutische Perspektive [Culture between continuity and change – a hermeneutic perspective]

DEINES, STEFAN: Wieviel Herkunft braucht die Zukunft? Zur Struktur reformistischer und revolutionärer kultureller Transformationen [How much of heritage does future need? On the structure of reformist and revolutionary cultural transformations]

MENKE, CORNELIS: Fortschritt als Merkmal wissenschaftlichen Wandels [Progress as a marker of scientific change]

ERLL, ASTRID: Kultureller Wandel und transkulturelle Erinnerung [Cultural change and transcultural memory]

MARCHART, OLIVER: Wandel durch Prekarisierung. Zur kulturellen Dimension der Prekarisierung von Arbeit und Leben [Change through precarization. On the cultural dimension of precarization of labor and life]

WENNING, MARIO: In-der-Mitte-Sein. Zur Struktur gelingenden Han-delns [Being in the center. On the structure of successful action]

FEIGE, DANIEL MARTIN: Wandel in der Kunst. Überlegungen zum Verhältnis der Künste [Change in art. Reflections on the relation of the arts]

SEEL, MARTIN: The man who shot Liberty Vanance oder Von der Undurchsichtigkeit normativen Wandels [The man who shot Liberty Vanance, or, On the opacity of normative change]

ROHBECK, JOHANNES: Zur Antizipation zukünftigen Wandels [Anticipating future change]

 

 

 

DELLWING, MICHAEL & ROBERT PRUS

Einführung in die interaktionistische Ethnografie. Soziologie im Außen-dienst

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2012

233 pp., Euro 24,95; ISBN 3-531-18268-1

Keywords: ethnography in sociology, sociology and ethnography, interactionism, fieldwork, Chicago School

 

Introduction to interactionist ethnography. Sociology in external duty

From a sociological perspective, the authors oppine, „ethnography“ has the flavor of „adventure“. As interactionists, they offer a „classical practice“ going back to the roots of the Chicago School, where there is, according to them, a stress on intersubjectivity, opennes, imponderability, and creative opportunities. The book provides clues how to collect material, perform analysis, and writing an analytically coherent field account, and how to organize all of this. Focus is the interactionist tradition of seeing the „reality of the field“ as primary reality which is not to be leveled off by externally introduced theory or method.

 

 

 

DESPLAT, PATRICK A. & DOROTHEA E. SCHULZ (Eds.)

Prayer in the city. The making of Muslim sacred places and urban life

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2012

314 pp., Euro 34,80; ISBN 3-8376-1945-4

Keywords: urban Muslims, Muslims and space, prayer space, space for prayer, sacred place, Sufis, Islamic festivals, festivals in Islam

 

##This volume envisions social practices surrounding mosques, shrines and public spaces in urban contexts as a window on the diverse ways in which Muslims in different regional and historical settings imagine, experience, and inhabit places and spaces as „sacred“. Unlike most studies on Muslim communities, this volume focuses on cultural, material and sensuous practices and urban everyday experience. Drawing on a range of analytical perspectives, the contributions examine spatial practices in Muslim societies from an interdisciplinary perspective,  an approach which has been widely neglected both in Islamic studies and social sciences.##

DESPLAT, PATRICK A.: Introduction. Representations of space, place-making and urban life in Muslim societies

HAWKINS, SIMON: Protecting and selling the mosque. Secular salesmen’s pride and fears in Tunis

BERRIANE, JOHARA: Ahmad al-Tijani and his neighbors. The inhabi-tants of Fez and their perceptions of the Zawiya

WILLEMSE, KARIN: Zawiya, Zikr and the authority of Shaykh ‚Al-Pepsi’. The social in sacred place-making in Omdurman, Sudan

SCHIELKE, SAMULI: A complete life. The world of Mawlids in Egypt. Photo essay

ASHER, CATHERINE B.: The case of the Jaipur Jami mosque. Prayer and politics disruptive

ZÖLLER, KATHARINA: Arenas of contest? Public Islamic festivals interwar Dar es Salaam

THIELMANN, JÖRN: Competing spaces, contested places. Muslim struggles for place, space, and recognition at a German university

STAUTH, GEORG: Confronting the legacy of antiquity. Pharaonism, Islam, and archaeology – a retrospective on local Islam and modernity

ROSS, ERIC: Building community. Configuring authority and identity on the public squares of contemporary Senegalese Sufi centers

SCHULZ, DOROTHEA E.: A fractured soundscape of the Divine. Female ‚preachers’, radio sermons and religious place-making in urban Mali

STROTHMANN, LINUS: A shrine gone urban. The shrine of Data Ganj Bukhsh, Lahore, as a city within the city

SAMUEL, GEOFFREY & SANTI ROZARIO: Sufi spaces in urban Bangladesh. Gender and modernity in contemporary shrine culture

 

 

 

DÖRRE, KLAUS

Landnahme, das Wachstumsdilemma und die „Achsen der Ungleichheit“

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 22.2012:101-128

Keywords: Landnahme, exploitation, Axes of inequality, inequality, capitalism, Growth dilemma, Economic crisis, ecological crisis

 

##Landnahme, primary and secondary exploitation and the “axes of inequality”

This contribution analyzes relations between capitalist Landnahme, the current twofold—economic and ecological—crisis of capitalism and social inequality. The core assumption is that capitalist societies need to constantly seize non-capitalist social environments in order to safeguard processes of dynamic self-stabilization. At present however, a tipping point seems to have been reached as conventional economic growth, set to overcome economic crisis, inevitably increases ecological dangers. Advanced capitalist societies thus face a growth dilemma and it seems necessary to readjust the “axes of inequality”. To this purpose a theory of capitalist Landnahme is essential, as this approach encapsulates an extended concept of exploitative relations, which allows for a pluralistic understanding of social antagonisms and relations of domination. This article offers a topical analysis of finance capitalism in order to exemplify this approach. It argues that the Landnahme theorem can be brought to bear fruitfully as an analytical link between a theory of capitalism and research in intersectionality.##

 

 

DÜCKER, BURCKHARD

Rituale

Erwägen Wissen Ethik 23,2.2012:165-173

Keywords: ritual theory, ritual society, society and rituals

 

Rituals

##Ritual acts constitute the ›making of‹ individuals and institutions and their history. This article with its concept of a ›ritual society‹ presents a systemic approach of ritual studies which defines and investigates a social system as an entity of a ritually produced network of connections.##

 

 

 

ECKARDT, FRANK (Ed.)

Handbuch Stadtsoziologie

Wiesbaden: Springer VS Verlag 2012

843 pp., Euro 69.95; ISBN 3-531-17168-5

Keywords: urban sociology, sociology of urbanism, Chicago School, spatial turn, Weber, M., Durkheim, E., Bourdieu, P., Giddens, A., Simmel, G., transnationalism, postcolonialism, urban governance

 

Handbook of urban sociology

The book is divided in three sections: points of reference – presenting authors and and their approaches (like Weber, Durkheim, Simmel, Bourdieu, Giddens, Lefèbre, and the Chicago School and the Spatial Turn), then debates on concepts such as the „European city“, postcolonial cities, transnational urbanism, urban governance and city planning. The third section is devoted to various topics, such as: segregation, social exclusion, neighborhoods, urban milieux, multiculturality, mobility, crime, creative milieux, queer spaces, Islam and city, urban art, public spaces, handicapped people etc. Thus, according to the editor, the handbook offers an overview of present sociological knowledge of these issues.

 

 

 

EUCKER, DENNIS

Poverty and vulnerability: towards an integrated approach for research

Entwicklungsethnologie. Zeitschrift der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Entwick-lungsethnologie 19.2012:91-149

Keywords: poverty, vulnerability, development

 

##The objective of the present study is to provide an analysis of existing research concepts of poverty and vulnerability that can help to build the conceptual framework integrating the two notions. Definitions of poverty will be examined and related to the existing concepts of vulnerability. Vulnerability is discussed in more detail, and the difference is between bio-physical and social vulnerability are presented and analyzed. The study is based on the assumption that while available science has contributed a lot to the understanding of poverty and vulnerability, there is an emergence of issues not currently addressed in academic literature. Research therefore will benefit from further integration of the two notions. The central concern of the study then is to go beyond a needs-based understanding of poverty and to emphasize its multidimensional nature that also stretches to the concept of social vulnerability. It will be argued that the concept of vulnerability is hard if not impossible to grasp when poverty is not defined in its multi-dimensional facets.##

 

 

 

EZLI, ÖZKAN

Grenzen der Kultur. Autobiographien und Reisebeschreibungen zwischen Okzident und Orient

Konstanz: University Press 2012

196 pp., Euro 31,90; ISBN 3-86253-016-8

Keywords: orient-occident, occident-orient, travelogues, culture and borders, autobiographies

 

Borders of culture. Autobiographies and travelogues between occident and orient

Starting point is the question of whether there are Arab or Turkish autobiographies – dealing with theoretical questions touched by the book. The next sub-chapter discusses the ‚western’ roots of the former question. The author holds that it is not the schema of orient/occident to be applied in this question but rather religion – in analyzing autobiographies. This includes dealing with the essentialist statement that Arab or Turkish would lack introspection and modern subjectivity. The authors conters this with a qualified description of techniques of taking care of oneself – in the European and Arabian fields. The empirical part discusses examples of autobiographies. Another chapter deals with public and private education in the Ottoman Empire around the turn of the 19th/20th century. Literary cases included are also de Tocqueville’s book on democracy in America, and problematizing travel in literary texts of Klaus Mann, Michel Leiris, Taha Husayn.

 

 

 

FISCHER, CAROLIN et al.

Patienteninteraktion auf einer Station für interkulturelle Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie

Curare 35,1/2.2012:57-63

Keywords: intercultural psychiatry, psychiatry, transcultural psychiatry, cultural psychiatry, hospital ethnography, patient-patient interaction

 

Patient-patient interaction in a hospital ward with a concept in cultural psychotherapy

##Patient-patient interaction has been considered in psychiatric research only to a lesser extent so far, even though patients spend a lot of time together during therapies and recreation. At a ward for intercultural psychiatry and psychotherapy in the Vitos Clinic Marburg, interactions of patients with different cultural backgrounds where studied by using participant observation and expert interviews as ethnographic methods. A timeframe of four weeks was design for participant observation. Living together, joined therapies and shared activities assist the Turkish and German patients to come in contact with the other culture. Due to the mutual confrontation with every day activities and needs of each other, patients get to know the foreign culture better. Cultural interactions where observed primarily between women. Especially language problems and formation of mono-cultural groups seem to inhibit deeper intercultural interactions. Recommendations for intensifying the intercultural exchange close this ethnographic article on the cross-cultural interaction of patience at specialized psychiatric ward.##

 

 

 

FISCHER, JOACHIM

Wie sich das Bürgertum in Form hält. Moderne bildende Kunst als Herrschaftsmedium

Sociologia Internationalis 50.2012:185-208

Keywords: bourgeoisie and art, art and bourgeoisie, inclusion and art, exclusion and art, power and art

 

 

The way the bourgeoisie keeps fit. Modern art as a medium of power

##The sociological question is: Who benefits from modern avant-garde art, as a medium of power? This paper deals not with the trivial neo-Marxian theory of capitalism, but with the new theory of „bürgerliche Gesellschaft“, or civil-bourgeois-creative society. After all attempts to liquidate the structures and the classes of this special formation by non-civil societies of modernity (fascism and communism), a civil-bourgeois-creative class appeared during the 20th Century, like a Phoenix, what is deeply connected the exhibition and the experience of modern Art. To understand the link between the contemporary formation of society and the establishment of the cult of modern art, it is helpful to contrast it with the other avant-garde art project of the 20th century: The latter reaches from Mexican Muralism to Socialist Realism and promised an art revolution by including all non-bourgeois people (workers, peasants and soldiers) within representational modern painting – it was the modern art of inclusion. This avant-garde project was a means by which the modern non-bourgeois mass aimed at taking control of society. In contrast, abstract painting – and, as a result, all enigmatic art – is exclusive, including only those members of society who dare to train their existential creativity by dint of enigmatic art in social life. Graffiti or street art doubles this „light“ enigmatic art at night. Modern abstract art is not harmless, but it is an instrument of power of the civil-bourgeois-creative middle classes, displayed after their annihilation experience during the 20th Century.##

 

 

 

FROMM, MARTIN & ALEXANDRA SCHULZ

Texte im Völkerkundemuseum. Ein Werkstattbericht

Münster: Waxmann Verlag 2012

94 pp., Euro 22,90; ISBN 3-8309-2712-9

Keywords: texts in museums, museology

 

Texts in museums of anthropology. A workshop report

Objects in museums do not speak for themselves but one has to make them speak – e.g. by textual information. This book shows and documents such work in several projects – how to create understanding in the case of the largest group of visitors: students/pupils. The book is a structured guide to create such texts.

 

 

 

GIAMMUSSO, SALVATORE

Hermeneutik und Anthropologie

(Philosophische Anthropologie 8)

Berlin: Akademie Verlag 2012

176 pp., Euro 44,90; ISBN 3-05-005555-8

Keywords: hermeneutics, philosophical anthropology, Dilthey, W., Plessner, H., ontology, anthropology and philosophy

 

Hermeneutics and anthropology

The articles in the book discuss the exegesis and productive appropriation of anthropology as propagated by Wilhelm Dilthey and his school. Central focus is the idea of the unfathomable – vita abscondita – since this binds epistemological and ethical aspects together. In stressing the idea of the unfathomable, the Dilthey tradition moves it into the center of epistemology and with it the question of an appropriate understanding of individual, creative phenomena of human life forms. This tradition replaces the ontology of being and transcendentalism through a hermeneutics which interprets the lifeworld as texture of relations and productive tension between individualities and historical contexts. Topics of the articles/chapters include (among others): „the whole human being“ in Dilthey and Plessner; Plessner’s understanding of modernity; political culture as a game of civilization; „open identity“; the impact of Dilthey’s notion of structure for anthropology and psychology.

 

 

 

HAHN, HANS PETER

Durkheim und die Ethnologie. Schlaglichter auf ein schwieriges Verhältnis

Paideuma 58.2012:261-282

Keywords: Durkheim, E., anthropology and Durkheim, constructivism, religion and Durkheim

 

Durkheim and anthropology. Spotlights on a difficult relationship

##Durkheim’s work constitutes a shared heritage for anthropologists and sociologists. In the context of the increasing interest in his legacy, this essay highlights some aspects of his thinking that are of current relevance in social and cultural anthropology. Although Durkheim contributed substantially to the development of anthropology in France, it is difficult to claim that he was an anthropologist, because the discipline did not exist as such at the time he was writing. A proper evaluation of his contribution to anthropology is further challenged by the fact that his work on religion was exposed to intense criticism, in particular from British social anthropologists. Instead of a futile defense against the arguments of this criticism, I suggest a more generalizing approach to some of Durkheim’s core concepts, in particular to his concept of culture. Although Durkheim was not quite explicit about this term, the profoundly anthropological character of his understanding of ‚culture’ is obvious. In his perspective on culture, and, more specifically, in his conviction that culture is something ‚made by people’ and as such is a universal for mankind, he can be considered a precursor of constructivist trends in anthropology.##

 

 

 

HALLER, DIETER

Die Suche nach dem Fremden. Geschichte der Ethnologie in der Bundesrepublik 1945-1990

Frankfurt/M. Campus Verlag 2012

395 pp., Euro 39,90; ISBN 3-593-39600-2

Keywords: history of anthropology, anthropologists

 

Searching otherness. History of ethnology in the German Federal Republic 1945-1990

Haller reconstructs the history of the discipline in Germany. He starts with a precursory chapter including roots in the general history of ideas in the 18th and 19th centuries out of which „ethnology“ (Völkerkunde) emerged and up to 1945 with a few pages on Völkerkunde during National Socialism. The „reconstruction“ then starts with 1945 to 1955: the founding of two societies and comments on major currents: empiricism, cultural morphology, cultural-historical anthropology, ethnosociology – and their quarrels. The consolidation phase is framed from 1955-1967, describing institutes, professos, and museums, and again the two societies, but also student initiatives. This, again, is discussed against the background of the aforementioned currents. Then, the „rebellion“ era came, 1967-1977 – following the same setup of institutes, professors etc., added by a few ‚new’ influences like cultural anthropology. Then, Haller sees a time of stagnation between 1977-1990. Here he describes a ‚divide’ between „established anthropology“ and currents such as neo-romanticism, interpretive approaches, postmodernism, structuralism, medical anthro-pology. The last chapter is under the heading of economization – 1989 until now.

 

 

HARTH, ANNETTE et al.

Stadt als lokaler Lebenszusammenhang. Gemeindestudien als Ansatz in der Stadtsoziologe

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2012

236 pp., Euro 29,99; ISBN 3-531-18215-5

Keywords: urban sociology, local life worlds, community studies

 

The city as a local habitat. The urban studies approach in sociology

Based on four studies of the German city of Wolfsburg by the authors over the course of 50 years, the book portrays and analyzes community studies of 22 other towns in the USA, Britain and Germany. The aim is to discuss the contribution of community studies in understanding the city with regard to local identification, and which perspectives this approach offers for the future.

 

 

 

HEINZE, THOMAS

Was sind kreative Forschungsleistungen? Konzeptuelle Überlegungen sowie Beispiele aus der Wissenschaftsgeschichte und bibliometrische Befunde

Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie  64.2012:583-599

Keywords: creative achievements, research and creativity, originality in research

 

What are creative achievements in research? Conceptual reflections and cases from the history of science and bibliometric findings

##Science studies have not yet provided a heuristic that distinguishes creative accomplishments from other research contributions. Likewise, there is no commonly agreed typology of creative scientific results. This article takes up these two desiderata. It is argued that scientific creativity springs from the fundamental tension between originality and scientific relevance. Based on this consideration, a heuristic is introduced that singles out creative research accomplishments from other contributions in science. Furthermore, it is shown that creative contributions are not only advances in theory, but also new methods, new empirical phenomena, and the development of new research instrumentation. The article introduces examples from science history and presents results from bibliometric studies.##

 

 

 

HEMER, OSCAR

Fiction and truth in transition. Writing the present past in South Africa and Argentina

(Freiburger sozialanthropologische Studien 34)

Wien: Lit Verlag 2012

517 pp., Euro 49,90; ISBN 3-643-80122-7

Keywords: writing, fiction and truth, truth and fiction, ethnography of fiction

 

##When I outlined the research 2006 I tried to formulate its subject simply, as a question: What can fiction tell us about the world, that journalism and science cannot?... One of the fundamental premises of the investigation was, as I will explain in more detail below, that my perspective primarily be that of a writer – not a researcher in contemporary literature, or any other academic discipline...The  the aim of my thesis was, at the outset, to explore fiction as a „means of investigation“ and as a „vehicle for social change“. The notion of social change has certain specific connotations, and may raise expectations as to the applicability of my findings... I stated as a hypothesis that the role of fiction, in a social context, is primarily to be a transgressive means of investigation and innovation, and secondly to serve as a vehicle for identification and empowerment. Although I did not necessarily see a conflict between these two functions, my suggestion was that the second would always be subordinated to the first.##

Following introductory chapters with his premises - on fiction(s) and philosophy, the writer as researcher, and specifically the anthropological turn of Writing Culture and the inherent „ethnography as hybrid textual activity“ (49), Hemer first deals with the case of South Africa, then Argentina. A short chapter of conclusion then discusses the findings against the background of his thesis „to explore fiction as a ‚means of investigation’ and as a ‚vehicle for social change’“ (485).

 

 

 

HESS, VOLKER & HEINZ-PETER SCHMIEDEBACH

Am Rande des Wahnsinns. Schwellenräume einer urbanen Moderne

(Kulturen des Wahnsinns (1870-1930) 1)

Wien: Böhlau Verlag 2012

392 pp., Euro 39,-; ISBN 3-205-78794-5

Keywords: madness, culture and madness, liminality, Turner, V., modernity and liminal space

 

 

Bordering madness. Liminal spaces of an urban modernity

All contributions have emerged from a focus on spaces of liminality – as a specific facette in the theory of modernity; and the editors explicitly refer to V. Turner here. Discussions among the participants were based on a research group „Cultures of Madness“ sponsored by the German Research Council (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft).

HESS, VOLKER & HEINZ-PETER SCHMIEDEBACH: Am Rande des Wahnsinns. Schwellenräume einer urbanen Moderne [Bordering madness. Liminal spaces of an urban modernity]

WULF, STEFAN & HEINZ-PETER SCHMIEDEBACH: Psychiatrie in der Stadt. Die Poliklinik als Schwellenphänomen einer urbanen Moderne [Psychiatry in the city. The Policlinic as a liminal phenomenon of urban modernity]

BINDER, BEATE: Das Schiff als Ort des Wahnsinns – Hitzschläge, Misshandlungen und Suizide von Heizern und Trimmern im trans-ozeanischen Seeverkehr [Ships as locations of madness – heat-strokes, maltreatment and suicide of stokers and trimmers in trans-ocean traffic]

FUCHS, PETRA, WOLFGANG ROSE & THOMAS BEDDIES: Heilen und Erziehen: Die Kinderbeobachtungsstation an der Psychiatrischen und Nervenklinik der Charité [Healing and educating: Ward for children’s observation at the Psychiatric Clinic of the Charité]

WULF, STEFAN & HEINZ-PETER SCHMIEDEBACH: Wahnsinn und Migration. „Normal“ und „verrückt“ als Phänomene der regulierten Passage [„Normal“ and „crazy“ as phenomena of the regulated passage]

FASTERT, SABINE: Antworten auf Max Nordau. Künstlerische Kreativität als Produkt psychischer Schwellenzustände in den Kunstzeit-schriften um 1900 [Artistic creativity as a product of pschic liminal states in art journals around 1900]

FRIEDLAND, ALEXANDER & RAINER HERRN: Die Einführung der Schizophrenie in der Charité [The introduction of schizophrenia at the Charité]

SCHÄFER, ARMIN: Franz Biberkopfs Wahnsinn [Franz Biberkopf’s madness]

DIETZE, GABRIELE: Skandal als Strategie – Wahn als Gehäuse. Weibliche Boheme und Sexuelle Moderne um die Jahrhundertwende [Scandal as strategy – madness as a container. Female boheme and sexual modernity around the turn of the century]

KÖNEMANN, SOPHIA & BENJAMIN A. MARCUS: „Einunddreißig Zöpfe? Wahnsinnstaten – Ein Haarfetischist im öffentlichen Diskurs [„Thirtyone pigtails? Deeds of madness – A hair fetishist in public discourse]

DORNHOF, DOROTHEA: „Gaukler und Fälscher, halbtolle Frauenzimmer und anspruchsvolle Wirrköpfe“ – Okkulte Schauplätze als Schwellenraum zwischen Wissenschaft und Spektakel [Occult locations as liminal space between science and show]

 

 

 

HOCHHUTH, MARTIN (Ed.)

Rückzug des Staates und Freiheit des Einzelnen. Die Privatisierung existenzieller Infrastrukturen

(Wissenschaftlichen Abhandlungen und Reden zur Philosophie, Politik und Geistesgeschichte 69)

Berlin: Duncker & Humblot 2012

299 pp., Euro 38,-; ISBN 3-428-13890-6

Keywords: privatization, state and economy, freedom of self, individual and state, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, economy and state, neoliberalism

 

Retreat of the state and individual freedom. The privatization of existential infrastructures

The 14 papers in this volume are based on a conference in 2010 at the University of Freiburg, Germany. Intellectual starting point of the editor has been the retreat of the state from public structures and „tools“, and the increasing independence of finance markets; i.e., it is the criticism of the unresticted dynamics of the abstract notion of money. Hence, it is a criticism of neoliberalism (not ordo-liberalism) whose early theorists extended the notion of „freedom“ beyond individual persons to institutional economic actors. Thus, the book is a stock-taking of decades of the unrestricted unleashing of the finance market, and after the global financial crisis after 2007, by economists, philosophers, and juridical specialists.

 

 

 

HOFER, GUNTER

Besessenheit, ein Grundphänomen der menschlichen Lebenswelt

Curare 35,1/2:85-96

Keywords: crisis, identity, possession, emotion, states of consciousnes, Zâr, rituale romanum

 

 

 

##Possession of the human life world

The author argues not to interpret pocession in an isolated away as in biomedicine, but as an original way of communication of its own in human societies. He shows with examples from the European history and from anthropological field studies that the possessed person never loses its active imagination, but inspires the broken imagination of men in situations of crises.##

 

 

 

HORAKOVA, HANA & ANDREA BOSCOBOINIK (Eds.)

From production to consumption. Transformation of rural communities

(Freiburger sozialanthropologische Studien 35)

Wien: Lit Verlag 2012

180 pp., Euro 29.90; ISBN 3-643-80124-1

Keywords: consumption, production, tourism, rural tourism, globality and tourism

 

##Up to a few decades ago the anthropology of tourism was regarded as a way to become involved in effortless researches in pleasant settings. Moreover, tourism was portrayed as a sinister carrier of westernization, thus as a menace to the subaltern societies that had to endure it. Nowadays anthropological studies on tourism have established their own legitimacy due also to the considerable socioeconomic significance of tourism in this age of hectic global mobility. This book points out new and important research perspectives showing the impact of tourism on the rural world. The articles presented are a major and groundbreaking contribution to the analysis of the new rurality in global society.##

 

 

 

JANNELLI, ANGELA

Wilde Museen. Zur Museologie des Amateurmuseums

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2012

387 pp., Euro 33.80; ISBN 3-8376-1985-0

Keywords: amateur museums, museology, agency and culture, history and agency, bricolage

 

Wild museums. On the museology of amateur museums

During the museum boom of recent years numerous museums run by amateurs have emerged. What are their motivations, and what attracts them to collect things and exhibit them? The author has done research in three such museums, inspired by Lévi-Strauss’s theory of the „savage mind“, framing these collections as cultural practice. Using his bricolage concept, Jannelli picks three such musuems and analyzes them, one in Berlin, two near Hamburg, Germany. They are the (1) „McNair Museum in Berlin Lichterfelde, run by a club or association of about 250 members. Its aim is the documentation of the civil servants of the armies of the three Allied Forces after World War II. The second (2) is the Museum Elbinsel Wilhelmsburg, part of Hamburg, a museum dedicated to the heritage and culture of the Wilhelmsburg locality and community. The third is the (3) Bienenmuseum Moorrege, also near Hamburg, devoted to beekeeping activities in this area. Besides descriptive chapters, the author discusses the societal relevance of museums, museums as „agents of social inclusion“, and as a space for symbolic agency.

 

 

 

JILEK, WOLFGANG G.

Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der transkulturellen und Ethno-Psychiatrie vom frühen 19. bis zum späten 20. Jahrhundert

Curare 35,4.2012:265-275

Keywords: transcultural psychiatry, ethno-psychiatry, cultural psychiatry 

 

##The early history of cultural psychiatry (1800s-1970s)

The early history of cultural psychiatry from the 1800s to 1971 is outlined as evolving under the influence of prevailing contemporary tendencies, represented by the main authors and actors: (1) 19th Century focus on civilization and mental health; (2) the dawn of comparative cultural psychiatry (ca.1890-1925); (3) the influence of psychoanalytic theories (ca.1913-); (4) psychopathology labeling of peoples and cultures (ca.1900-1950s); (5) cultural relativism of mental disorders (since 1930s) and related ethno-psychiatric field researches; (6) the establishment of cultural/ transcultural psychiatry as academic discipline and organized endeavor (1956-1971).##

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KÄMPF, HEIKE

Gabe, Dankbarkeit und Anerkennung. Überlegungen zu Paul Ricoeurs Begriff der Gabe

Paideuma 58.2012:135-151

Keywords: gift, exchange theory, Mauss, M., recognition, Ricoeur, P.

 

Gift, gratefulness and recognition. Reflections on Paul Ricoeur’s notion of the gift

##Paul Ricoeur connects the philosophical concept of recognition to the ethnological analysis of ceremonial gift exchange by focusing on the term ‚gratitude’. Particularly by means of a content analysis of the French word ‚reconnaissance’ (recognition) Ricoeur demonstrates that the term ‚reconnaissance’ is closely linked with the notion of gratitude. Thus  Ricoeur broadens the philosophical concept of ‚recognition’, that is mainly defined in reference to the influential idea of an endless ‚struggle for recognition’ (Kampf um Anerkennung) as Friedrich Hegel puts it. Ricoeur outlines the interesting idea that gratitude binds donor and recipient together and that the ceremonial gift exchange symbolises the mutual recognition of donor and recipient. Hence the experience of the gift should be understood as the experience of being recognised. I wish to pursue these considerations by arguing that the gift exchange can only then be considered as establishing a mutual recognition if the gift itself is also recognised and acknowledged as such. As Marcel Mauss demonstrated this is the case in traditional societies. As soon, however, as the gift loses this special capacity to express recognition, the mutual recognition of donor and recipient will be lost.##

 

 

 

KAHLERT, HEIKE & CHRISTINE WEINBACH (Eds.)

Zeitgenössische Gesellschaftstheorien und Genderforschung. Einladung zum Dialog

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2012

213 pp., Euro 29,99; ISBN 3-531-17486-0

Keywords: gender research, society, social theory and gender

 

Contemporary theories of society and gender research. An invitation to dialog

The editors invite to discuss contemporary theories of society, which had a reception in gender research, in order to create a more systematic dialog between theories of society and gender research. Referring to common categories the 10 contributions in this book include the original context of the theories of society and the frame of reception that was relevant at the time of generation, and they aim to include gender as a self-evident part in those theories of society. To do so, the location of gender in the respective theory is determined, and starting points for comparing the theories as well as further dialog of theories of society and gender research are shown.

 

 

 

KARMASIN, HELENE & MATTHIAS KARMASIN

Cultural theory. Anwendungsfelder in Kommunikation, Marketing und Management

Wien: Facultas Verlag 2011

276 pp., Euro 22,90; ISBN 3-7089-0700-0

Keywords: cultural theory, management and culture theories, grid/group typolology, Douglas, M.

 

Cultural theory. Applications in communikation, marketing and management

The authors classify „cultural theory“ like this: Cultural theory is divided in four types of cultural shapes: hierarchists, individualists, egalitarians, and fatalists. They adopt Mary Douglas’s grid/group model, stating that it has been discussed widely in England and the US, but not in the German language area. The authors thus want to operationalize Douglas’s model in communikation, marketing and management. After presenting and describing the model, norms and culture theory are discussed (universalism or relativism), then marketing, household structures, cultures in companies/enterprises and cultural theory, and finally risk management in this context.

 

 

 

KAROLEWSKI, JANINA, NADJA MICZEK & CHRISTOF ZOTTER (Eds.)

Ritualdesign. Zur kultur- und ritualwissenschaftlichen Analyse „neuer“ Rituale

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2012

356 pp., Euro 32,80; ISBN 3-8376-1739-9

Keywords: ritual theory, ‚new’ rituals, Aşura, Reiki, convergence rituals, Hollywood movies, Christmas rituals, Hindu ritual

 

Ritual design. On the analysis of new rituals in cultural and ritual sciences

The contributions of this volume are based on work of the Spectial Research Unit of Ritual Dynamics (Sonderforschungsbereich 619), sponsored by the German Research Council (DFG). The papers are devoted to definitions of ‚ritual design’, or to critically assessing such definitions.

KAROLEWSKI, JANINA, NADJA MICZEK & CHRISTOF ZOTTER: Ritualdesign – eine konzeptionelle Einführung [Ritual design – a con-ceptual introduction]

AHN, GREGOR: „Ritualdesign“ – ein neuer Topos der Ritualtheorie? [„Ritual design“ – a new topos of ritual theory?]

TÖBELMANN, PAUL: „Ritualdesign“ als heuristisches Werkzeug zur Beschreibung von rituellen Wandlungsprozessen. Eine Annäherung am Beispiel der Krönungsordines des Hinkmar von Reims [„Ritual design“ as a heuristic tool to describe ritual processes of change: The coronation of Hinkmar von Reims]

MATTHEIS, MARCO & CHRISTIAN WITSCHEL: Die Transformation städtischer Rituale in der Spätantike. Ein Fall von Ritualdesign? [The transformation of urban rituals in late antiquity – a case of ritual design?]

RUPP, JAN, CARINA BRANKOVIC & ANTONY GEORGE PATTATHU: Zur Medienästhetik von Ritualdesign in narrativ-fiktionalen Darstellungen [On the media aesthetics of ritual design in narrative-fictional presentations]

PATTATHU, ANTONY GEORGE: Ritualdesign im zeitgenössischen Hollywoodfilm. Eine rhetorische Perspektivierung am Beispiel von „christ-lichen“ Hochzeitsritualen [Ritual design in contemporary Hollywood movies]

WALSDORF, HANNA: Dreimal Sacre. Ritualdesign in der Choreographie [Three times Sacre. Ritual design in choreography]

POLIT, KARIN: Wenn Rituale Kulturerbe werden. Zur Konstruktion und Ästhetik kulturellen Erbes in Uttarakhand, Nordindien [When rituals become cultural heritage. On the construction and aesthetics of cultural heritage in Uttarakhand, Northern India]

SIMON, UDO: Ritualdesign bei Konvergenzritualen. Die Inszenierung eines christlich-islamischen Weihnachtsgottesdienstes [Ritual design in convergence rituals. The state-setting of a Christian-Islamic christmas service]

KAROLEWSKI, JANINA: „Vor euch wird die Tafel des Hizir Paşa gerichtet“ Aşura im Frühislam und rituelle Speisungen zwischen Aleviten und Sunniten im Monat Muharrem [Aşura in early Islam and ritual feedings between Alevites and Sunnites in the month of Muharrem]

MICZEK, NADJA: Ritualdesign®? Positionierungs- und Vermarktungs-prozesse gegenwärtiger spiritueller Heilrituale [Ritualdesign®? Positioning and marketing processes in contemporary spiritual healing rituals]

ZOTTER, CHRISTOF: Von Linien und schwarzen Schlangen. Design im Hindu-Ritual [Of lines and black snakes. Design in Hindu ritual]

KLASSEN, PAMELA E.: Ritual, Tradition, and the force of design

 

 

 

KEPPLINGER, KATHARINA

Von den neuen Kunstkammern. Grenzgänger zwischen Ethnologie und Kunst

Baessler-Archiv. Beiträge zur Völkerkunde 60.2012:7-26

Keywords: cabinets of curiosities, collections of curiosities, museology

 

Of new cabinets of curiosities. Commuters of borders between anthro-pology and art

##Newspapers are announcing the renaissance of the Kunstkammer“, more and more contemporary collectors apply to the objects of the old „Kunst- and Wunderkammer“ and also artists are dealing with this topic. But why? Is in the old Kunstkammer the key to explain and understand the present in a better way? Maybe. The flexible concept of the Kunstkammer makes it possible to pick up actual topics and problems. The following article deals with a history of the old Kunstkammer in Berlin and the new ones: Private and institutional collections are using more and more concepts of the Kunstkammer as well as contemporary artists.##

 

 

 

KIENER, WILMA

Leben und Sterben bei den Leinwandvölkern. Todesrituale im Spielfilm

Berlin: Bertz + Fischer 2012

202 pp., Euro 25,-; ISBN 3-86505-393-0

Keywords: movies and dying, dying in movies, film and dying, values and dying, screen cultures, death in movies, visual anthropology

 

Living and dying among the screen peoples. Death rituals in movies

Dying and death are among the central areas of research in anthropology – with non-western cultures being the main focus. The author asks what our (i.e. western) ideas and images of death are. An anthropological approach allows for assessing the topic impartially and – seemingly – naively. To tackle this question she asks: „how do film heroes die?“. This, according to the author opens a new theoretical approach. She translates notions in movies into anthropological ones: stereotypes into rituals, and genres are screen worlds. In seeking hidden ideas of values of our times she finds in performances of death in movies a fruitful motif. She analyzes 25 comedies, dramas and action movies, and also asks what messages are inherent in them. As to values, in the end Kiener asks what kind of ‚life force’ is mediated in these films, what kind of hope or optimism is generated. One of them is, for the viewers, the physiological aspect of the activation of adrenaline – according to Oliver Stone (177): „they all feel a heightening of reality“. All of these aspects are discussed on a theoretical level, too (Baudrillard, M. Bloch, Gadamer, Groys, Merleau-Ponty, T. Turner etc.).

 

 

 

KLEIN, GABRIELE

Choreo-Politik. Wie in Performances der öffentliche Raum politisch verhandelt wird

Sociologia Internationalis 50.2012:35-48

Keywords: performances and space, public space performances, politics of public space

 

Choreo-politics. Political negotiation of public space in performances

##Performances have a prevalent contemporary and experimental theatrical practice of the visual and performing arts since the 1960s. They emerged out of a critique of the established art scene and have made a critical reflection of the basic elements of the established artistic forms, practices, institutions and formats. With focus on transgressing the limits between art and popular culture and art and everyday life, artistic performances have often led from established artistic institutions, such as the theater and museums, into public spaces. Thus, the order, norms and conventions of the public space have been questioned by interventionist activities. Since then, dance, as an ephemeral art, and choreography, as the organization of movement in the situational performance (emphasizing the moment and the presence), have played particular roles. In contemporary societies, artistic performances as critical practices are exposed to new questions, as the current constellations characterized by a theatralization and eventisation of the public space and by the public staging of control performances.##

 

 

 

KÖHLER, MARCUS

Russische Ethnographie und imperiale Politik im 18. Jahrhundert

Göttingen: V&R unipress 2012

299 pp., Euro 55,-; ISBN 3-8471-0013-3

Keywords: ethnography, imperial politics and ethnography, expeditions and empire

 

Russian ethnography and imperial politics in the 18th century

Köhler describes the emergence of anthropology, or ethnography, in Russia as an academic discipline, situated in the border areas of imperial action, scientific enthusiasm and new boldness. Reports of major research expeditions of the 18th century to Siberia and the Caucasia are analyzed – with the focus on the development of an „ethnology“ in Russia. Questions of the author are: What is the purpose of the Russian Imperium to study ethnic groups at her borders? How did members of the expeditions, mostly Western Europeans, perceive the ethnic groups and how were they described? How did the center react to the increasing complexity of this multiracial state? Köhler thinks that the blueprint of European global expansion was not primarily the reason, but that there were other cognitive interests and strategies: Instead, they were based on an intrinsic (Russian) emergence of scientific disciplines at that time, described by the author as the „scientification of the imperial nexus“; ethnography as „identity politics of the imperial agent“; alterity (of the ethnic groups) was remodeled into an aesthetic category – being part of other imperial discourses as in the arts.

 

 

 

KOHL, KARL-HEINZ

Ethnologie – die Wissenschaft vom kulturell Fremden. Eine Einführung. 3., aktualisierte Auflage

München: Beck Verlag 2012

253 pp., Euro 18,95; ISBN 3-406-46835-3

Keywords: anthropology textbooks, textbook anthropology

 

Anthropology – the science of cultural alterity. An introduction. 3rd, updated edition

In the third edition the author has re-worked a chapter on ‚contemporary ethnology’ which was added in the 2nd edition (2000) – and which now goes under the title of „After Writing culture“, or, Anthropology in the 21st century.

 

KÖRBER, KAREN

So far and yet so near. Present-day transnational families

Ethnologia Europaea 42,2.2012:12-25

Keywords:  transnationalism,  family, communication technologies, gender, migration

 

##Through the expansion and development of communication techno-logies, transnational families are presently experiencing that they are close despite the great geographical distances between them. On the basis of a qualitative study with transnational families, I show that this virtual closeness at the distance brings out new practices of familiarity, on the one hand, but also produces conflicts and dilemmas, on the other. While the new technologies of closeness enable forms of everyday interactions over great distances, the compression of time and space does not take place in a vacuum. Instead, family members are positioned at interfaces of structures of difference and inequality, which decisively influence access to and use of the new technologies and which have far-reaching consequences for the transnational family configurations.##

 

 

 

KRECH, VOLKHARD

Wo bleibt die Religion? Zur Ambivalenz des Religiösen in der modernen Gesellschaft

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2011

293 pp., Euro 28,80; ISBN 3-8376-1850-1

Keywords: religion and ambivalence, ambivalence of religion, society and religion, secularization, individual religion

 

The whereabouts of religion. On the ambivalence of religion in modern society

Can one attribute a diminishing influence and meaning of religion in modern society? Or can one rather attest to a renaissance? There is much controversy on these questions in various disciplines. Krech covers the following aspects of these processes: paradigms of religion-sociological theory, semantic aspects of religious experience as a communicative issue, social-structural aspects of the emergence of organized religions, structural aspects in society – the problem of the process of secularization, religion and culture, religions of the individual, political religion, religion and arts. The epilogue deals with the notion of postsecularity, religious practice and its communication, immanent sacralization, functional equivalents of religion, and future potential of religion.

KROPF, JONATHAN

Der symbolische Wert der Popmusik. Zur Genese und Struktur des popmusikalischen Feldes

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 22.2012:267-292

Keywords: music, cultural legitimacy, popular music, cultural omnivore, space, Bourdieu, P., art theory, class and art

 

##The symbolic value of popular music. Genesis and structure of the pop music field

Based on an interpretation of the art theory of Pierre Bourdieu, which is aimed primarily at the neglected relationship of class and field, the essay is dedicated firstly to a critique, informed by theory, of the studies of the cultural omnivore. These are based on the assumption that today the correlation between musical taste and social structure is no longer determined bywhich but rather byhow many musical genres are preferred. For this reason they are supported by the conception of an erosion of musical legitimacy hierarchies. However, with the help from Bourdieu’s field theory and from the reference to the mutual relationship of production and reception, it can be shown that such legitimacy hierarchies have by no means disappeared. An analysis of the representation of pop music in the media and in the education system indicates the simultaneous legitimation and differentiation of pop. Against this background the thesis can be formulated that people with a great deal of cultural capital still prefer the legitimate culture, namely under the condition of a changed consensus of legitimacy.##

 

 

 

KRÜGER, GUNDOLF, ULRICH MENTER & JUTTA STEFFEN-SCHRADE (Eds.)

Tabu?! Verborgene Kräfte – Geheimes Wissen

Petersberg: Imhof Verlag 2012

319 pp., Euro 24,90; ISBN 3-86568-864-4

Keywords: taboo, ritual, magic

 

Taboo?! Hidden powers – secret knowledge

This is the catalog of the exhibition of the ethnographic collection at the Landesmuseum Hannover, Germany, added by objects from other collections within the range of Lower Saxony. The book has seven scholarly articles (on Micronesia, Polynesia, West- and Central Africa, on shamans, Tibetan Buddhism, and Chinese sources). The focus of the exhibition is thus on „human social life beyond official laws“, on „secret knowledge“, ceremonies, rituals, magic.

 

 

 

LEWICKI, ALEKSANDRA ET AL. (Eds.)

Religiöse Gegenwartskultur. Zwischen Integration und Abgrenzung

(Villigst Profile 14)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2012

319 pp., Euro 29,90; ISBN 3-643-10496-0

Keywords: religious cultures, current religiosity, social capital, integration and religion, migration and religion, secularism

 

Current religious culture. Between integration and separation

Religion and religious plurality have been increasingly highlighted in societal discussion during recent years. The discussion includes secularity/-ism, a revival of religious phenomena, tension between politics and congregations, controversies on the role of religion in processes of migration and integration, and questions on the emergence of religious identities. The 20 papers originate in an interdisciplinary meeting including historians, historians of religion, sociologists, anthropologists, etc.

BRUNN, CHRISTINE: Konvergenzen europäischer Integrationskonzepte [Convergencies of European integration concepts]

TRAUNMÜLLER, RICHARD: Religion und soziales Kapital [Religion and social capital]

FÜHRDING, STEFFEN: Religionswissenschaftliche Perspektiven auf den europäischen Identitätsdiskurs [Perspectives in the history of religions on the European identity discourse]

WAGENSEIL, CHRISTOPH JOHANNES: Erfahrungsseelenkunde [Psy-chology of experience]

KELLE, FRANZISKA: Die Werte der Verfassung und die Religions-freiheit [Values of the constitution and the freedom of religion]

STEGMANN, RICARDA: Der partikulare Universalismus der Laizität [The particular universalism of laity]

ITZEN, PETER: Wo liegt das Königreich des Himmels? [Where is the kingdom of heaven situated?]

RÖSCH, HENRIETTE: Christentum als Kultur [Christianity as culture]

LEWICKI, ALEKSANDRA: Neue Justierung der europäischen Säkulari-tät: Gleichstellung der Religionsgemeinschaften durch Diskriminierungs-schutz? [The new positioning of European secularity]

ELWERT, FREDERIK: Integration und Abgrenzung [Integration and separation]

EULITZ, MELANIE: Religiöse Pluralität in der jüdischen Gemeinschaft Ostdeutschlands [Religious plurality in the Jewish community of East Germany]

MASKE, VERENA NINON: Junge Musliminnen in Deutschland Zwischen Integration und Abgrenzung [Young female Muslims in Germany between integration and separation]

KÖBEL, NILS: In der Gemeinde voll tätig – kirchliche Identität im Jugendalter [Being fully active in the parish – Church identity in young people]

FLEIGE, MARION: Kulturen lebenslangen Lernens als religiöse Gegenwartskulturen [Cultures of life-long learning as current religious cultures]

ZEIFERT, RUTH: Spannungsfeld Identitätskonstruktion: Patrilinear jüdisch [The conflict area of identity construction: patrilinear Jewish]

FÜGMANN, DAGMAR & MELANIE: MÖLLER: Ethik und Moral-vorstellungen im Satanismus [Ethics and moral concepts in satanism]

RENSING, BRITTA: „We are what we are“

RICHTER, JONAS: Jenseits des Sachbuchs: Erich von Dänikens Astronautengötter in Romanen, Kurzgeschichten und Multimedia [Beyond non-fiction books: Erich von Däniken’s astronaut gods in novels, short stories, and multi-media]

BÄHR, MATTHIAS: „The planting of religion“

 

 

 

LIPP, THOROLF

Visuelle Anthropologie? Eine Disziplin, die hierzulande keine mehr ist

Cargo. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 31.2012:4-20

Keywords: visual anthropology, films, anthropology and media

 

Visual anthropology? A vanished discipline in this country

The author sees a declining role of anthropology using audio-visual methods in present-day Germany, even though audiovisual media are among the most privileged sites of the construction of cultural and social reality. Even though there is an increasing number of anthropologists reflecting on questions on the mediality of culture, they almost exclusively do this in the written form. And even though there is a sizeable number of highly motivated students interested in an anthropology using audiovisual media, one can see hardly any individuals in the new generation of academics. The author describes the situation in various settings in Germany and also abroad.

 

 

 

LOTTER, MARIA-SIBYLLA

Scham, Schuld, Verantwortung. Über die kulturellen Grundlagen der Moral

(Suhrkamp Taschenbuch Wissenschaft 2016)

Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag 2012

344 pp., Euro 15,-; ISBN 3-518-29616-5

Keywords, shamefulness, guilt, responsibility, morality, morals, culture and morality

 

Shamefulness, guilt, responsibility. On the cultural foundations of morality

Lotter starts, as a foundation, with a consideration of ‚the person’ which includes the juxtaposition of ‚thin’ and ‚thick’ description, exemplified in Bourdieu’s study of the Kabyle. Then follow ‚sources of morality on a rather abstract level (social sanctions, external and internal sources of morality, the Kantian theory of the immanent law, normative identity). The next chapter deals with self-consciousness – Christian (expulsion from paradise) and Lockean self-consciousness, and the function of shamefulness. Following chapters are on: shamefulness related to the ‚autonomous person’; guilt and moral liability, and respect between persons. The next section deals with responsibility in contexts: in individual actors, responsibility of the scapegoat, taboo and sin, etc. Last chapters are: Law and justice, and the construction of responsibility in criminal law. Anthropological perspectives and authors are used profusely.

 

 

 

MARSCHALL, WOLFGANG, PAOLA VON WYSS-GIACOSA & ANDREAS ISLER (Eds.)

Genauigkeit: Schöne Wissenschaft

Bern: Benteli Verlag 2008

303 pp., price unknown; ISBN 3-7165-1541-9

Keywords: exactitude, aesthetics, shamanism, possession, Oppitz, M.

 

Exactitude: Beautiful science

The title of this book, which is dedicated as a hommage to Michael Oppitz, is based on Oppitz’s book on the „art of exactitude“, meaning and alluding to Lévi-Strauss’ structuralist approach (classification etc.) which was embraced by Oppitz. About 35 brief papers, and many photographs, deal with exactitude, aesthetics, shamanism, possession and the like in various settings around the world, written by authors of like leanings.

 

 

 

MEIER, SIMON

Tiefseebergbau und Intermedialität. Sarah Zieruls Buch „Der Kampf um die Tiefsee“

Cargo. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 31.2012:57-62

Keywords: visual anthropology, deep sea film, mining in deep sea, film reality, non-film reality, resources, raw materials

 

Deep sea mining and intermediality. Sarah Zieruls book „Battle for the deep sea“

Meier discusses, based on Eva Hohenberger, non-film- and pre-film reality, and the reality of film and film reality. She analyzes the genre of film in the case of the economic-political fight for the deep see, citing several cases, kinds of resources and raw materials hunted for etc.

 

 

 

MUEHLEBACH, ANDREA

Times of neoliberalism

Etnofoor 24.2012:165-169

Keywords: neoliberialism and time, time and neoliberalism, religion and neoliberalism, Silicon Valley cultures

 

##In a recent article on the public culture of temporality in the neoliberal us, Jane Guyer argued that it was possible to detect a shift away from ‚near future' and ‚near pasť forms of temporal orientation towards a combination of intense presentism and the very long-term horizons of 'fantasy futurism' (2007: 409). Presentist and fantasy futurist temporal frames, she argues, are most explicitly manifest in current macro-economic (specifically, monetarist) and fundamentalist Christian reasoning; both analogously couple the immediacies of choice and of the divine to ‚projection and prophecy' (which themselves are future oriented but may also draw on resources of the very 'distant past'). Guyer thus differs from David Harvey and Frederick Jameson’s focus on speed, acceleration, and 'space-time compression as frames for understanding the temporal contemporary.##

 

MÜLLER, KLAUS E.

Schuld und Sühne. Die Vorgeschichte des Erlösungsglaubens

(Wissenschaftliche Paperbacks. Ethnologie 32)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2012

195 pp., Euro 29,90; ISBN 3-643-11753-3

Keywords: atonement and guilt, killing of animals, bear cults, hunter religions, debt, guilt and atonement, sacrifice, harvest cults, Jesus and sacrifice, Catholic Mass, salvation belief, scapegoats

 

Guilt and atonement. The prehistory of salvation belief

From the Christian background of the complex of guilt/debt and atonement Müller unfolds a diachronic panorama of ‚universal’ human behavior starting from prehistory, even the Palaeolithic Age. This ‚universal’ cult centered around ‚sacramental’ consumption – of plants or meat. Also, human scapegoats are described in early high cultures of (tribal and Vedic) India, Judaism (Mishna) as a model for Jesus, and other examples from around the world reminding of the passion of Jesus, then the ‚passion of the king’ and his rebirth. Arguments are based on archaeological finds, textual evidence and secondary literature, e.g. the deification of nutritional plants as ‚the heavenly child’ (69), celebrated in an annual ritual of his ‚rebirth’, but also interpretation is used to form the overall message of the study. Such early interpretations of myths are then combined with findings for instance of the 18th century myths of the Tunguse and other northern peoples, who saw bears as being of heavenly descent and subjected them to a guilt-removing cult.

In the words of the author: Christians see the passion of Jesus as a singular and exceptional process. Christian imagination emerged in a specific cultural environment. Much of it goes back to oriental models/examples. Myth and cult of old-oriental grain deities like Tammuz, Osiris and others have been the blueprint for the passion of Jesus. Sons of the celestial god and the goddess of earth were killed at harvest time, to keep men alive, and are resurrected annually. Thus, the debt/guilt of men seemed to be atoned. To be sure of this salvation process, the sacrifice of the god was ritually enacted, often incarnated as a young bull (sometimes a human being). Thus, a rather uniform custom of this kind was practiced in all agrarian cultures. They adopted a ritual originating in hunting cultures, where a bear had the role of the savior.

 

 

 

 

MÜNZEL, MARK & BERNHARD STRECK (Eds.)

Ethnologische Religionsästhetik. Beiträge eines Workshops auf der Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Völkerkunde in Halle (Saale) 2005

(Curupira Workshop 11)

Marburg: Förderverein „Völkerkunde in Marburg“ 2008

208 pp., Euro 12,50; ISBN 3-8185-0458-8

Keywords: aesthetics of religion, religion aesthetics, beauty and aesthetics

 

Anthropological aesthetics of religion. Workshop at the Conference of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Völkerkunde at Halle (Saale) 2005

Not only man, but gods, too, are receptive to beauty. Ist power of seduction can overcome the power of everyday life and doom. Anthropological aesthetics of religion aims to trace the power of aesthetics through cultures and religions, but finds out that neither gods nor men share like predilections. Anything, wheter simplicity or extravagance, renunciation or obscenity, cleanliness or eroticism – can be aesthetical for the believers.

STRECK, BERNHARD: Ethnologische Religionsästhetik. Einleitung [Anthropological aesthetics of religion. Introduction]

ROSSBACH DE OLMOS, LIOBA: Von abstoßender Eleganz und begehrter Derbheit. Wandlungen der Schönheiten weiblicher Vodougeister in einer nordamerikanischen Großstadt [Change among female beauties of Voodoo spirits in a North American city]

PANTKE, CHRISTIANE: Die Ästhetik im Candomblé: ein Gebet an die Schönheit [Aesthetics in Candomblé]

THIELE, MARIA ELISABETH: Die Schönheit im Obszönen. Zur Ästhetik und „ästhetischen Opposition“ in den afrobrasilianischen Religionen [Beauty in obscenity. On the aesthetics and its opposition in Afro-Brazilian regions]

RIES, JOHANNES: Ver-Körperungen des Heiligen. Notizen zur Körperästhetik der Zigeunerkulturen [Embodiments of the sacred. Notes on bodily aesthetics in gypsy cultures]

VOSS, EHLER: Von Schamanen und schamanisch Tätigen. Peinlichkeit und ihre Vermeidung im Kontext des modernen westlichen Schamanismus [On shamans and awkwardness and its avoidance in the context of modern western shamanism]

EULENBERGER, IMMO: Die Macht der Schönheit – mythische Ästhetik und Moderne [The power of beauty – mystical aesthetics and modernity]

PRINZ, ULRIKE: Von der Schönheit zur Unsichtbarkeit. Über die Ästhetik der Verwandlung im amazonischen Tiefland [On the aesthetics of metamorphosis in the Amazonian Plains]

MÜNZEL, MARK: Rückblick auf die Kunst [Looking back at the arts]

NOHR, ROLF F. & HERBERT SCHWAAB (Eds.)

Metal matters. Heavy metal als Kultur und Welt

(Medien ’ Welten 16)

Münster: Lit Verlag 2011

528 pp., Euro 34,90; ISBN 3-643-11086-2

Keywords: Heavy Metal, ethno-musicology, Metal music, aesthetics of Heavy Metal, thick description, glocal Metal, pop culture, politics and Heavy Metal

 

Metal matters. Heavy metal as culture and world

The 29 papers, based on a conference in Braunschweig, Germany, are divided in five sections: 1. Aesthetics, codes, ethnography; 2. Musicality and execution; 3. Metal vs. modernity; 4. Glocal metal; 5. Politics and culture of Heavy metal.

SCHÄFER, FRANK: Notes on metal

RICHARD, BIRGIT & JAN GRÜNWALD: Verführer und Zerstörer – mediale Bilder archaischer Männlichkeit im Black Metal [Seducers and destroyers – medial images of archaic masculinity in Black Metal]

ECKEL, JULIA: Kutte & Co - Zur textilen SchriftBildlichkeit des Heavy Metals [On the textile ScriptImagery of Heavy Metal]

ZUCH, RAINER: ‚The art of dying’ – zu einigen Strukturelementen in der Metal-Ästhetik, vornehmlich in der Covergestaltung [On some structural elements in Metal aesthetics, especially cover design]

KRAUTKRÄMER, FLORIAN & JÖRG PETRI: Horror Metaltypo – Heavy Metal als Gestaltungsmittel. Zum Verhältnis von Typografie, Metal und Horrorfilm [On the relation of typography, metal and horror film]

KOSIC, TOMISLAVA: Heavy Metal als kulturelles System nach der dichten Beschreibung von Clifford Geertz [Heavy Metal as a cultural system according to Clifford Geertz’s thick description]

SEILER, SASCHA: Ästhetische Kodierungen als Marketingsinstrument und ihre Brüche: Die Band Kiss und das Ende der 70er Jahre [Aesthetic encodings as a marketing instrument – The Band Kis and the end of the 1970s]

SCHWAAB, HERBERT: Heavy Metal Parodien und ihre Beziehung zur (medialen) Realität des Metals [Heavy Metal parodies and their relation to (medial) reality of Metal]

WAGENKNECHT, ANDREAS: Das Böse mit Humor nehmen. Die Ernsthaftigkeit des Black Metal und deren ironisierende Aneignung am Beispiel von Fanclips auf YouTube [The seriousness of Black Metal and its ironic appropriation in the case of Fanclips on YouTube]

ELFLEIN, DIETMAR: Die virtuose Kontrolle der (Ohn-)Macht – Gedanken zum musikalischen Ästhetik des Heavy Metal [The virtuoso control of power(-lessnes) - On the musical aesthetics of Heavy Metal]

KERNCHEN, DANIEL: Virtuosität als Überlebensstrategie und Publikumsmagnet [Virtuosity as survival strategy and magnet for audiences]

LEHMANN, MARCO & REINHARD KOPIEZ: Der Einfluss der Bühnenshow auf die Bewertung der Performanz von Rockgitarristen [The influence of the stage show regarding the rating of performance of rock guitarists]

SALMHOFER, ANDREAS: Grindscore – Eine extreme Mutation des Metals?  Zur Diskursivierung des Grindscore [An extreme mutation of Metal? On the discursivity of Grindscore]

MERTENS, MATHIAS: Medienästhetische Überlegungen zur Luftgitarre [Media-aesthetic reflections on the air guitar]

HASSEMER, SIMON MARIA: Metal-Alter. Zur Rezeption der Vormoderne in Subgenres des Heavy Metal [Metal age. On the reception of pre-modernity in sub-genres of Heavy Metal]

PÖHLMANN, SASCHA: Green is the New Black (Metal): Wolves in the Throne Room, die amerikanische Romantik und Ecocriticism [...American Romanticism and ecocriticism]

SCHELLER, JÖRG: Vom Schrei zur Schreischule: Heavy Metal als Paradessenz [From scream to school of scream: Heavy Metal as paradescence]

LEICHSENRING, JAN: „Wir fordern das Unmögliche“. Zur Formulierung und Funktion anti-moderner Topoi in einigen Metal-Subgenres [We demand the impossible“. On formulating and function of anti-modern topoi in some Metal sub-genres]

NOHR, ROLF F.: „Music is the food of love“. Metal als transmoderne Sinnstiftung [Metal as trans-modern generation of meaning]

HORVATH, FRANZ: Protest, Provokation und Peer-Group-Bildung. Heavy Metal in Ungarn und seine Rezeption in Siebenbürgen in den 1980er Jahren [Protest, provocation, and peer group formation. Heavy Metal in Hungary and its reception in Transylvania]

EPP, ANDRE: Heavy Metal und Islam – ein Antagonismus? Zur Rezeption und Verbreitung des Heavy Metal in Staaten der MENA [Heavy Metal and Islam – an antagonism? On the reception and spreading of Heavy Metal in states of the MENA]

KRUMM, CHRISTIAN: „Auf einmal ist es explodiert“ – die Entstehung der MetalSzene im Ruhrgebiet [The emergence of the Metal scene in the Ruhr area]

FRICKE, CAROLINE: Heavy Metal in der DDR-Provinz [Heavy Metal in the province areas of the German Democratic Republic]

HELDEN, IMKE VON: Glocal metal. Lokale Phänomene einer globalen Heavy Metal-Kultur [Local phenomena of a global Heavy Metal culture]

KLEINER, MARKUS S. & MARIO ANASTASIADIS: Politik der Härte! Bausteine einer Popkulturgeschichte des politischen Heavy Metal [Tough politics! Stepping stones of a pop culture history of political Heavy Metal]

HEINISCH, CHRISTIAN: Zwischen Kult und Kultur. Kontinuitäts-behauptungen im Heavy Metal [Statements of continuity in Heavy Metal]

TRUMMER, MANUEL: Zerstörer, Trickster, Aufklärer. Die Traditions-figur Teufel im Heavy Metal zwischen Action, Distinktion und neuer Spiritualität [Destroyers, tricksters, enlighteners. The traditional figure of the devil in Heavy Metal between action, distinction, and new spirituality]

PHILIPPS, SÖREN: Zwischen Stereotypen und kollektiven Gedächtnis – die erinnerungskulturelle Dimension des Heavy Metals [Between stereotypes and collective memory – the dimension of memory culture of Heavy Metal]

WINNERLING, TOBIAS: „The same song and dance“. Kollektiver Individualismus und das Heavy Metal Universe [Collective individualism and Heavy Metal]

 

 

 

OBERDORFER, BERND & PETER WALDMANN (Eds.)

Machtfaktor Religion. Formen religiöser Einflussnahme auf Politik und Gesellschaft

Köln: Böhlau Verlag 2012

264 pp., Euro 34,90; ISBN 3-412-20826-4

Keywords: religion and power, power and religion

 

Religion as power factor. Forms of religious influence on politics and society

How do religions define their position in state and society? How do religious institutions and carriers of functions exert secular influence? And how does this influence the religious self of religious communities? The authors analyze the influence of religions on politics and society in case studies of history and the present. The stress is on Christianity, but also on comparative studies on Islam and Judaism. The interdisciplinary contributions connect external views of the disciplines of religion, the social sciences and history with a theological view from the inside. Topics range from Christianity in Late Antiquity to churches in modern German society. Singular actors and roles such as Billy Graham and Ian Paisley are focused, the influence of churches on societal transformation processes in South America and South Africa, in Israel and Shiite clerics in Iran.

 

 

 

OESTER, KATHRIN & BERNADETTE BRUNNER

Performance Ethnografie. Jugendliche Selbstpräsentationen im Kontext von Jean Rouchs partizipativem Forschungsstil

Tsantsa. Revue de la Societé Suisse d’ethnologie 17.2012:139-149

Keywords: Performance ethnography

 

##Performance ethnography. Adolescents’ self-representations in relation-ship with Jean Rouch’s „shared anthropology“

For almost two years, a team of anthropologists was teaching media anthropology to 7th to 9th graders in an ethnically mixed and socioeconomically underprivileged part of Bern. Like Jean Rouch’s protagonists in Moi, un noir,  the adolescent film makers started to explore their urban environment, performing scenes from their daily life and expressing thereby their dreams and fantasies. This article interprets Rouch’s proceedings in Moi, un noir as an early form of performance ethnography and re-examines Rouch’s methods half a century after their invention in a new, transnationalised environment.##

 

 

 

PETERMANN, WERNER

Anthropologie unserer Zeit

Wuppertal: Hammer Verlag 2010

224 pp., Euro 24,90; ISBN 3-7795-0297-5

Keywords: anthropology (history), ethnology (history), socio-cultural anthropology, contemporary anthropology

 

Anthropology of our times

This is a follow-up book to the author’s voluminous Die Geschichte der Ethnologie (History of Anthropology, 2004) which was an overview from the beginnings. The present book deals with the last fifty years, actually the time of questioning old convictions, from Malinowski to Lévi-Strauss’s structuralism. So the ‚new time’ is characterized by insights like the end of metanarratives, the end of all-round scholars (like Lévi-Strauss). So, in this book movements of recent decades are described, dealing with globalization, world systems, spaces, contemporary settings, orientations like postcolonialism, hybridity, subalternity and resistance, inter-connectivity.

 

 

 

PFLUGER-SCHINDLBECK, INGRID (Ed.)

Welten der Muslime

Berlin: Reimer Verlag 2012

239 pp., Euro 39.95; ISBN 3-496-01445-4

Keywords: Muslims, Islam, exhibition Islam, Sufis, quran, amulets, healing and Islam, saints, gender and Islam

 

Muslim worlds

This exhibition catalog of the Ethnological Museum at Berlin has nine articles introducing and contextualizing the objects – the aim is to qualify/ differentiate (often stereotyping) views of Islam and Muslims.

PFLUGER-SCHINDLBECK, INGRID: Shahla Safarzadeh

NEUWIRTH, ANGELIKA: Der Koran - islamisches Erbe und spätantikes Vermächtnis [The Quran – Islamic heritage and late-antique legacy]

KRÄMER, GUDRUN: Der Islam als Religion des Buches. Zugänge, Traditionen und Kontroversen [Islam as a religion of the book. Approaches, traditions, and controversies]

FREMBGEN, JÜRGEN WASIM: Die Sufi-Tradition im Islam [Sufi tradition in Islam]

KEHL-BODROGI, KRISZTINA: Amulettwesen, Krankenheilung und Heiligenverehrung. Religiöse Alltagspral(til(en unter Muslimen [Amulets, healing, and saints’ veneration]

PFLUGER-SCHINDLBECK, INGRID: Verschleierung: Die Bedeckung des weiblichen Körpers [Veiling: Covering the female body]

BALDAUF, INGEBORG: Die Authentizität von Identität: Geschichten aus Mittelasien um 1900 [The authenticity of identity: Stories from Middle Asia around 1900]

RZEHAK, LUTZ: Der Gast in islamischen Kulturen: Das Beispiel Afghanistan [The guest in Islamic cultures: The case of Afghanistan]

PFLUGER-SCHINDLBECK, INGRID: Geschlecht und Raum in mus-limischen Gesellschaften [Gender and space in Muslim societies]

 

 

 

 

PRAGER, LAILA (Ed.)

Nomadismus in der „Alten Welt“. Formen der Repräsentation in Vergan-genheit und Gegenwart

(Kultur. Forschung und Wissenschaft 16)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2012

259 pp., Euro 24,90; ISBN 3-643-10900-2

Keywords: nomadism, herding, sedentary cultures, Komi, Nenets, Hasana, sin and sanction

 

Nomadism in the Old World. Forms of representation in past and presence

These papers are based on the interdisciplinary working group of „Representation“ of the „Sonderforschungsbereich/Special research area 586 – Difference and integration. Repercussions between nomadic and sedentary civilizations in the Old World“ of the DFG (German Research Council) at the University of Leipzig and Halle. The papers by anthropologists, archaeologists, historians and orientalists discuss forms of the representation of nomadism from a historical and anthropological perspective.

PRAGER, LAILA: Einleitung: Repräsentationen von Nomaden und Sesshaften in der „Alten Welt“ [Introduction: Representations of nomads and sedentary people in the Old World]

RÜCKER, MICHAELA: Roh oder gekocht. Der Kyklop als früher Repräsentant nomadischer Lebensweise? [Raw or cooked. The Cyclops as an early representative of nomadic lifestyle?]

COJOCARU, VICTOR: Von Pfeilspitzen zu „skythischen“ Münzen: Zu griechisch-skythischen Beziehungen im Spiegel des Geld-Umlaufs am Rande der Steppe [From arrowheads to „scythian“ coins: On Greek-Scythian relations in the face of money circulation at the border of the steppes]

TAUBE, CHRISTINE: Anacharsis: Ein weiser Nomade in der antiken Literatur [Anacharsis: A wise nomad in antique literature]

KUHNERT, ANNE: Der Skythe: Friedliebender Krieger und weiser Dummkopf. Das Bild der Skythen in der lateinischen Literatur [The scythian: Peaceful warrior and wise stupid. The image of scythians in Latin literature]

TIERSCH, CLAUDIA: Repräsentationen von Nomaden in christlichen Texten der Spätantike [Representations of nomads in Christian texts of Late Antiquity]

ZIMMER, MANFRED: Das Sünde-Strafe-Schema: Biblisch-christliche Repräsentationsdiskurse in den Texten der armenischen Schriftsteller zur Zeit der Turko-mongolischen Invasionen [The sin-sanction schema: Biblical-Christian representational discourses in the texts of the Armenian writers at the time of the Turco-Mongolian invasions]

BÜSSOW, JOHANN: Bedouin historiography in the making: An indi-genous history of the Hasana tribe in Syria

PRAGER, LAILA: Auto-Orientalismus und imaginiertes Pan-Beduinen-tum: Repräsentationen von Territorialität und Transnationalismus im Kontext des Beduinen-Festivals von Tadmur [Auto-orientalism and imagined pan-Bedouinness: Representations of territoriality and transnationalism in the context of the Bedouin festival of Tadmur]

MAISEL, SEBASTIAN: Who is right? Legal representation within the tribal society of Saudi Arabia

ISTOMIN, KIRILL: The land to herd and the space to travel: Comparing the categorizations of landscape among Komi and Nenets reindeer herding nomads

 

 

 

REUTER, JULIA & ALEXANDRA KARENTZOS (Eds.)

Schlüsselwerke der postcolonial studies

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2012

375 pp., Euro 39,99; ISBN 3-531-17577-5

Keywords: postcolonial studies, colonialism, alterity, representation

 

Key authors of postcolonial studies

The 28 papers of this volume discuss key works of postcolonial studies – from Freud via Lacan and B.S. Cohn to Bhabha, Stuart Hall and many others. Postcolonial studies critically assess colonial structures of societies and representations of alterity and self – up to the present. The papers show the multi-vocality of postcolonial discourse by presenting on the one hand central texts of the authors above. On the other hand the reception and history of postcolonial perspectives is described: in literary science, political science, media science, religious studies, anthropology, sociology and history of art. Thus, the book is not only a textbook on the subject but contributes to theory also.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RÖDER, BRIGITTE, WILLEMIJN DE JONG & KURT W. ALT (Eds.)

Alter(n) anders denken. Kulturelle und biologische Perspektiven

(Kulturgeschichte der Medizin 2)

Köln: Böhlau Verlag 2012

441 pp., Euro 69,90; ISBN 3-412-20895-0

Keywords: age, ageing, old age, culture and age, biology and age

 

Thinking age(ing) differently. Cultural and biological perspectives

Twenty contributions from biology, social sciences including anthropology and cultural-historical disciplines describe and document the great cultural variety of the last decades of life. They do so in various cultures: in pre- and early historical communities, high cultures of antiquity in the Mediterranean, to present-day societies. This wide selection, including case studies from the Netherlands, Ghana, Sulawesi, urban Burkina Faso, Sri Lanka etc., present greatly differing historical and current social life worlds and realities.

 

 

 

RÖSCH, PETRA & UDO SIMON (Eds.)

How purity is made

Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag 2012

492 pp., Euro 58,-; ISBN 3-447-06542-9

Keywords: purity, religion and purity, purification rituals, ritual purity,  Hindu rituals, Buddhist notions on purity, Islam and purity

 

In 23 papers the contributors present studies on purity on a theoretical level and in concrete studies: in Hittite Anatolia, Mesopotamia, Egyptian purification rituals, Greek ritual purity, Jewish ritual purity, Nepalese aspects of purity, memory in the Middle Ages,  Hindu rituals, Buddhist notions on purity, various aspects of purity in Islam, cases from Central Asia and Mongolia, and of course Protestant-Western notions of purity.

## Concepts of purity and impurity are used in a great variety of contexts for both concrete and immaterial phenomena and are firmly embedded in many, often antagonistic, worldviews. Can a common core be discerned in the various ways purity is conceived, extending over and beyond cultural differences? Both change and continuity in purity and its (corresponding) discourses afford insight into the dynamics of social transformative  processes. They form the perspective to apply purity concepts and submit them to personal interpretation. Though usually combined with, or even tantamount to, ritual action these concepts seem to lend themselves particularly to being de-ritualized and then re-ritualized.##

 

 

 

SCHEIBE, CLAUDIA

Fiktionale Wahrheiten, ekstatische Momente. Werner Herzogs Doku-mentarfilm

Cargo. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 31.2012:51-56

Keywords: Herzog, W., documentaries, visual anthropology, film, movies

 

Fictional truths, ecstatic moments. Documentaries by Werner Herzog

The author of this essay starts from the premise – shared by Werner Herzog – that images mediated by film etc. actively contribute to historiography by producing imaginations, dogmas, views and perspectives. In this way, Scheibe discusses and analyzes Herzogs „documentaries“, compares them with other filmmakers like Jean Rouch, Gardner and others.

 

 

 

SCHMIDT, JUDITH, SANDRA KEßLER & MICHAEL SIMON (Eds.)

Interkulturalität und Alltag

(Mainzer Beiträge zur Kulturanthropologie/Volkskunde 4)

Münster: Waxmann Verlag 2012

163 pp., Euro 24,90; ISBN 3-8309-2684-9

Keywords: interculturality, everyday life, comics, migration background

 

Interculturality and everyday life

The contributions are based on a series of lectures on the topic at the University of Mainz in 2010.

ROTH, KLAUS: Interkulturalität und Alltag [Interculturality and everyday life]

SOUZA, MIGUEL: Interkulturalität, kommunikative Praktiken, Partizi-pation. Erkenntnisse aus einer ethnographischen Studie im Umfeld von Haupt- und Realschülern mit Migrationshintergrund [Interculturality, communicative practices, participation. Insights from an ethnographic study among grammer and secondary school pupils with a migration background]

VÖLKEL, SVENJA: Interkulturelle Kommunikation aus ethnolinguisti-scher Perspektive. Fallbeispiele aus Ozeanien [Intercultural communication from an ethnolinguistic perspective. Case studies from Oceania]

MEYER, SILKE: Warum die Lederhosen anbleiben. Interkulturalität und Stereotype [Interculturality and stereotypes]

ENGELMANN, JONAS: Zwischen den Bildern. Die hybride Ästhetik des Comics als Mittel der Interkulturalität [The hybrid aesthetics of comics as a medium of interculturality]

KULINNA, MATTHIAS: Charakteristika und Entwicklung von Ethnomar-keting in Deutschland [Characteristics and development of ethnomarketing in Germany]

KNAUER, WOLFRAM: „The different sides of myself.“ Interkulturelle Aspekte im musikalischen Schaffen Peter Kowalds [Intercultural aspects in the musical work of Peter Kowald]

SEILER, SASCHA: „The arc of a love affair“: Interkulturelle Trans-textualität in den Songs Paul Simons [Intercultural transtextuality in Paul Simon’s songs]

KEßLER, SANDRA: Japanisch, exotisch, kosmopolitisch, modern: Sushi als global food in Deutschland [Japanese, exotic, cosmopolitan, modern: Sushi as global food in Germany]

 

 

 

SCHMIDT-WULFFEN, WULF

„Ten little niggers“ Racial discrimination in children’s books

(Cultural studies 41)

Zürich: Lit Verlag 2012

240 pp., Euro 24,90; ISBN 3-64390265-8

Keywords: racism, children’s books, political correctness, education and comic books

 

##Harmless or funny or racist? We all remember the catchy melody and the controversy about insulting terms like „Negro“. What was the purpose of this children’s book for us in Europe and the U.S.? To promote colonialism, exploitation, or to serve as a means of education? Where does a thinking that downgrades Africans and Blacks come from? Are these questions outdated? Not at all: in an immigration society we cannot avoid to address such issues – in every day life as well as in education.## This profusely illustrated book centers around the children’s book of the same title that was translated into many languages and was published in many countries. The chapters discuss the current situation – political correctness and self-censorship, the origin of the „Ten little niggers“, a historic reconstruction of colonialism and racism in this context between the USA to Europe and back (anti-racist attempts of sensitization). The book also includes a worldwide list of publications of the book.

 

 

 

SCHRAMME, THOMAS (Ed.)

Krankheitstheorien

(Suhrkamp Taschenbuch Wissenschaft 2011)

Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag 2012

292 pp., Euro 16,-; ISBN 3-518-29611-0

Keywords: illness, disease, theories of disease, WHO, health, philosophy of disease

 

Theories of disease

The notions of health and diesease form the basis of medicine and public health. Hence, the debate on a suitable definition is of great societal importance. Eleven papers by philosophers, historians of medicine and others focus on topics such as: definition of disease from various angles, Darwinist perspectives, the World Health Organization, a theory of health, and the notion of psychic and psychiatric diseases.

 

 

 

SCHÜLEIN, JOHANN AUGUST & GERALD MOZETIC (Eds.)

Handlung. Neue Versuche zu einem klassischen Thema

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2012

245 pp., Euro 29,99; ISBN 3-531-18791-4

Keywords: action theory, Balog, A., theories of action

 

Action. New approaches to a classical topic

The contributions frame sociological action theory in different ways, in order to further new ways. They are based on meetings and workshops of the theoretical section of the „Österreichische Gesellschaft für Soziologie“.

BALOG, ANDREAS: Soziologie und die „Theorie des Handelns“ [Sociology and the „Theory of Action“]

GRESHOFF, RAINER: Die sozialtheoretische Position und das Mechanismenkonzept Andreas Balogs. Rekonstruktion und weiterfüh-rende Kritik [The social-theoretical position and the concept of mecha-nismus in Andreas Balog]

SCHMID, MICHAEL: Handlungstheoretische Soziologie. Grundlagen und Aussichten eines Forschungsprogramms. Der Beitrag von Andreas Balog [Theoretical sociology of action. Foundations and prospects/chances of a research program. The contribution of Andreas Balog]

MOZETIC, GERALD: Handlungen in der soziologischen Analyse [Action in sociological analysis]

GABRIEL, MANFRED: Die Rekonstruktion von Handlungen und der Voluntarismus [The reconstruction of action and voluntarism]

FLEIß, JÜRGEN: Handlungstheorien und Theorieverständnis in der methodologisch-individualistischen Tradition. Deren Wandel und der Bezug zur Wirklichkeit [Action theories and the understanding of theory in the methodological-individualistic tradition. Their change and relation to reality]

SCHÜLEIN, JOHANN AUGUST: Kompetenz und Funktionsniveaus. Subjekttheoretische Erweiterungen der Handlungstheorie [Competence and functional levels. Subject-theoretical enlargements of action theory]

 

 

 

SEEMANN, MARKUS

Kolonialismus in der Heimat. Kolonialbewegung, Kolonialpolitik und Kolonialkultur in Bayern 1882-1943

(Studien zur Kolonialgeschichte 4)

Berlin: Links Verlag 2011

485 pp., price unknown; ISBN 3-86153-626-0

Keywords: colonialism (Germany), colonial heroism, ethnology and colonialism

 

Colonialism at home. Colonial movement, colonial politics and colonial culture in Bavaria, 1882-1943

Towards the end of the 19th century, colonialism became euphoric in Bavaria, too, and many local and regional activities took place. There were groups of the German colonial society (Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft), shows of e.g. African cultures and peoples were organized, ‚homeland’ evenings were held in favor of soldiers in colonized countries, an exhibition in Munich was planned, a museum in Regensburg was built, and there was a Colonial Forestry School in Miltenberg. The author unfolds a complex historical picture of these activities, involving the state, monarchy, anthropology/ethnology, missionaries etc.

 

 

 

 

 

SKARBEK-KOZIETULSKA, ANNA, PETER PREISENDÖRFER & FELIX WOLTER

Leugnen oder gestehen? Bestimmungsfaktoren wahrer Antworten in Befragungen

Zeitschrift für Soziologie 41,1.2012:5-23

Keywords: confessing, true answers, surveys and truth, deviant behavior

 

##To Deny or to confess? Determinants of truthful answers in surveys

This article presents results of a validation study dealing with the problem of truthful answers in surveys. Based on a mail survey of about 300 respondents who had committed one or more minor criminal offences in recent years and had been convicted of them in court we examine how many respondents include a confession in the question naire and what factors influence the tendency to give truthful answers. The set of influential factors which is analyzed is derived from different versions of rational choice theory. Selected findings: About two thirds of the total sample contain elements of confession. Women tend to deny their deviant behavior more often than men, older people more often than younger ones, and more highly educated respondents more frequently than less educated ones. The theoretically relevant variables "need for social approval" and "trait desirability" show significant effects on the probability of telling the truth. Particular attention is owed to the finding that those respondents who answered with a time delay, that is, send back the questionnaire late, clearly gave less valid answers.##

 

 

 

SPREEN, DIERK & TRUTZ VON TROTHA (Eds.)

Krieg und Zivilgesellschaft

(Soziologische Schriften 84)

Berlin: Duncker & Humblot 2012

440 pp., Euro 75.90; ISBN 3-428-13206-5

Keywords: war, civil society and war, violence, heroic societies, post-heroic societies, Bundeswehr, World War II, colonialism and violence, development, conflict

 

War and civil society

The editors start from the observation that war and civil society seem to belong to two opposed states of affairs: the disorder of violence, versus civil interaction without violence. The contributions aim to qualify this simplistic assumption, discussing close relations of war and civil society, like interconnections between war, politics, and civil society; relations between the military and society; the role of civil societal actors and institutions in the context of so-called „little wars“ particularly regarding Africa. Conclusions tend to be unsettling.

SPREEN, DIERK & TRUTZ VON TROTHA: Einleitung [Introduction]

SPREEN, DIERK: Weltzivilgesellschaft und Gewalt. Ordnungskonsti-tutive Gewalt im Zeitalter des globalen Politischen [World civil society and violence. Order-generating violence in the age of the global Political]

JOAS, HANS: Friede durch Demokratie? [Peace through democracy?]

KUTZ, MARTIN: Umbruchszeiten: Militär und Gesellschaft 1945-2010 [Times of radical change: Military and society 1945-2010]

MÜNKLER, HERFRIED: Heroische und postheroische Gesellschaften [Heroic and postheroic societies]

KÜMMEL, GERHARD: Tod, wo ist dein Stachel? Die Deutschen, die Bundeswehr und militärische Einsätze in postheroischen Zeiten [The Germans, the Bundeswehr, and military operations in postheroic times]

APELT, MAJA: Das Gewaltdilemma moderner Streitkräfte [The dilemma of violence in modern military forces]

HEINS, VOLKER: Bombenkrieg und Zivilgesellschaft. Der Wandel der Erinnerung an die alliierte Bombardierung Deutschlands im Zweiten Weltkrieg [Change of memories of the Allied bombing of Germany in World War II]

KRUSE, VOLKER: Mobilisierung und kriegsgesellschaftliches Dilemma. Beobachtungen zur kriegsgesellschaftlichen Moderne [Mobilization and societal dilemma in war]

HÄUßLER, MATTHIAS & TRUTZ VON TROTHA: Koloniale Zivil-gesellschaft? Von der „kolonialen Gesellschaft“ zur kolonialen Gewalt-gemeinschaft in Deutsch-Südwestafrika [Colonial civil society? From „colonial society“ to colonial community of violence in German Southwest Africa]

BAUMANN, MARCEL M.: Society First. Von ‚freiwilliger Apartheid’ oder den gesellschaftlichen Barrieren gegen die nachhaltige Konsoli-dierung von Post-Konflikt-Gesellschaften [Of „voluntary apartheid“ or the societal barriers against the sustainable consolidation of post-conflict societies]

PAPENDIECK, HENNER: Mali-Nord – Ein Programm für den Frieden. Ein Bericht zu den Chancen (und Grenzen) von Entwicklungshilfe [Mali North – A program for peace. A report on the chances (and limits) of development aid]

BOGNER, ARTUR & DIETER NEUBERT: Die Komplexität der Akteursfigurationen bei „Konflikttransformation“ und „Postkonflikt“-Prozessen. Beobachtungen am Beispiel Nordghanas und Nordugandas [The complexity of actor figurations  in „conflict transformation“ and „post-conflict processes. Observations in the case of Northern Ghana and Northern Uganda]

TROTHA, TRUTZ VON: Auf der Suche nach Frieden. Geschichte, Jugend und der Aufstieg lokaler Akteure oder die Zukunft liegt im Dorf [Searching for peace. History, youth, and the ascendence of local actors, or, the future is in the village]

 

 

 

STEINER, PHILIPPE

Religion und Wirtschaft. Mauss, Simiand und das Durkheim’sche Pro-gramm

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 22.2012:473-496

Keywords: economy, Durkheim, E., religion, money, political economy, Mauss, M., Simiand, F., gift

 

##Religion and economy. Mauss, Simiand and the Durkheimian program

The text points out that, with regard to the sociology of economy, Emile Durkheim’s work encompasses two research programs. The focus of the first program lies in the critique of economic categories as well as the institutions that function according to the market system. The second program, initially developed in The Elementary Forms of Religious Life, argues that there is a relation between religion and economy. While the former perspective is being developed by the Durkheim-follower François Simiand (and Maurice Halbwachs) the latter is enhanced by his student Marcel Mauss. In the course of the 1930s both perspectives converge in the works on the gift and on money. Finally the text formulates the hypothesis that Durkheim’s perspective can be used in order to update Max Weber’s question concerning the relation between the religious ethic and the modern economic world.##

 

 

 

STREHLE, SAMUEL

Zur Aktualität von Jean Baudrillard. Einleitung in sein Werk

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2012

222 pp., Euro 14,95; ISBN 3-531-16429-8

Keywords: Baudrillard, J., exchange, consumerism, simulation, simulacra, hyperreality, metaphysics, pataphysics

 

Jean Baudrillard today. Introduction to his work

In Germany, Baudrillard is mostly known for his influential diagnoses of current times and the age of media, and he has coined the notions of simulation, simulacra, and hyperreality in this context. He has also worked on the economy of the sign, the order of consumerism, the system of everyday items, the implosion of the social, the end of history, the displacement and suppression of death, and also 9/11. Chapters include a sketch of his life, the theory of consumerism, sign economy and symbolic exchange, death, work and the unconscious, the theory of simulation, history in the age of simulation, and metaphysics at the end of the world. And the author describes Baudrillard, the sociologist, philosopher and media theoretician, also as a pataphysician.

 

 

 

SWINNEN, AAGJE & JOHN A. STOTESBURY (Eds.)

Aging, performance and stardom. Doing age on the stage consumerist culture

(Aging studies in Europe 2)

Zürich: Lit Verlag 2012

201 pp., Euro 24,90; ISBN 3-64390176-7

Keywords: aging studies, women and ageing, age and representation, Hayworth, R., Stone, S., actors and ageing

 

##In aging studies, age, like other salient markers of identity, is defined not in terms of being but of doing. One and adjusts automatically to the implicit norms of age-appropriate behavior that structure everyday life. In western culture, these norms install a hierarchical dichotomy between the young and the old – the latter still getting the worst of it. This second volume in the aging studies in Europe series focuses on questions concerning the ways in which actors and socialites perform aging on the stage of consumerist culture. How do celebrities, whose star personae are ultimately connected with the prime of their lives, cope with the aging process? Which public practices invite supplement adjustment of age scripts that focus on the decline of physical strength and attractiveness as the years pass?##

KAPLAN, E. ANN: The unconscious of age: Performances in psychoanalysis, film, and popular culture

DOLAN, JOSEPHINE: The queen, aging femininity and the recuperation of the monarchy

STALPAERT, CHRISTEL: Staging age and aging in The rite of spring: Reconstruction or critical intervention?

SALZBERG, ANA: „The spirit never really ages“: Materiality and transcendence in three Rita Hayworth films

TICKNELL, ESTELLA: Goldie Hawn: An ageless Blonde for the baby boomer generation

FEASEY, REBECCA: The aging Femme fatale: Sex, stardom, and Sharon Stone

POULIOS, APOSTOLOS: Aging actresses/actors in Greece: „Let’s not talk about age“

CHAMBERS, DEBORAH: Sexist aging consumerism and emergent modes of resistance

SWINNEN, AAGJE: To Pin up or pin down women of age? The representation of aging women’s bodies in the photographs of Erwin Olaf

 

 

 

TERRIER, JEAN

„Auch in unserer Zeit werden Götter in den Massen geboren“. Emile Durkheims Erklärungsansätze zur Entstehung gesellschaftlicher Ideale in der Moderne

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 22.2012:497–516

Keywords: Durkheim, E., moral theory, social ideals, secularization, collective effervescence 

 

##“Even in our secular age the gods are born within the masses”. Emile Durkheim’s views on the emergence of social ideals in modernity

The article focuses on Emile Durkheim’s complex and changing views concerning the evolution of morality and religion under conditions of modernity. While he foresaw a progressive weakening of traditional religions, Durkheim did not believe that modern societies would lose any sense of the sacred. He was convinced that a functioning morality needs a sacred object at its core. In modern times, with the increasing separation of religion and morals, the sacred object of morality is the human person. The article presents and discusses the account given by Durkheim of the emergence of the moral ideal of the person. It shows that Durkheim’s work contains two distinct accounts of this process: according to the course on Professional Ethics and Civic Morals, the modern ideal of the person is to a large extent a product of the state. In later texts, including the Elementary Forms of Religious Life, Durkheim increasingly empha-sized the role of society itself: he tried to show, using examples from the French Revolution in particular, how ideals are forged in those particular moments of social excitation he used to call “collective effervescence”.##

 

 

 

THOME, HELMUT & SYLVIA TERP 

Das Gewissen - (k)ein Thema für die Soziologie?

Zeitschrift für Soziologie 41,4.2012:258-277

Keywords: conscience,  morality, values, moral sentiments, self-transcendence

 

##Conscience: A (neglected) topic in sociological analysis?

Morals and moral orientations are a prominent subject in sociological discourse and research; how our "conscience" functions and expresses itself in specific everyday situations, however, is a topic rarely addressed by sociologists. Compared to more narrowly defined concepts of self-control or moral consciousness the concept of conscience covers a broader scope of meanings which emerge from the complex interplay between moral insights and feelings, or from interconnections between sentiment, interpretation and behavior. In exploring the concept of conscience sociologically we first draw upon system-theoretical considerations as advanced by Niklas Luhmann. We then contrast Luhmann's assumptions about specific functions of morals and conscience with the cognitive approach to analyzing the development of moral consciousness and the minimalistic concept of universally valid moral rules associated with it. The type of morals thus conceptualized poses unanswered questions of motivation. Partial solutions are offered by Kant's ideas about moral feelings and Randall Collins' concept of interaction rituals. The "either-or" position, viz. reason vs. feelings in the constitution of moral insight and moral commitment, can be overcome with Hans Joas' theses concerning the genesis of values and value-commitment. Based on Joas' ideas, we propose conceiving of "conscience" as a way of articulating moral experiences shaped by the dynamic interplay of (possibly) intense feelings, reflexive thinking, and culture-based interpretations.##

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THURN, HANS PETER

Soziale Welt in Farben

Sociologia Internationalis 50.2012:167-184

Keywords: colors and social world, communication and color, power and color, color and politics

 

The social world in colors

 ##Like the world as a whole, social life has revealed itself two people through colors. Colors are no different from words and body language; they are an essential medium of social communication. Concurrently, they are subject to societal scaling. Throughout the course of history, specific traditions and conventions have developed in the social usage of colors. The coloristic regulation systems of the interactions between individuals and groups are strongly related to the interdependencies our societal formations of classes, stratifications and institutions. These relationships have again succumbed to change. Colors have become involved early on in the maelstrom of political, economic and cultural power struggles. How such socio-chromatic arguments are performed and which changes have occurred is discussed in this article via literary testimonials and historical examples.##

 

 

 

TREIDE, DIETRICH

Erlebte Ethnologie. Ein Rückblick auf die Geschichte der Universitäts-Ethnologie in Leipzig 1951-1993. Herausgegeben von Barbara Treide

Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag 2012

184 pp., Euro 49,-; ISBN 3-89500-904-4

Keywords: history of anthropology, politics in anthropology, Leipzig anthropology

 

Experiencing anthropology. A look back at the history of anthropology at the University of Leipzig, 1951-1993. Edited by Barbara Treide

This volume, edited by his wife, has been published posthumously. It describes the history of the institute, from the early days of the former German Democratic Republic (the „socialist era“) until 1993, after the re-unification of Germany. Thus, political processes of change in the latter part of the book are described in detail, too, when the course of the institute, which celebrated its 75th birthday in 1989/90, was changed from the outside to the focus of Africa. Also details of dismissing the author after the political change („Wende“) are elaborated by the editor of the volume. In the volume, anthropologists of this time are portrayed, their publications listed in the appendix, as well as diploma theses and dissertations. In this way, research and scientific orientation of the institute become vivid, just as decisive political processes, partly behind the scenes.

 

 

 

UHLIG, ANNE C.

Ethnographie der Gehörlosen. Kultur – Kommunikation – Gemeinschaft

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2012

385 pp., Euro 29.80; ISBN 3-8376-1793-1

Keywords: deafhood, culture of deaf, Deaf Nation, ethnicity of deaf

 

Ethnography of the deaf. Culture – communication – community

Uhlig states that many deaf persons worldwide understand themselves to belong to a global „Deaf Nation“. Despite the heterogeneity of their various lifestyles and the utilization of various sign languages they have one commonality: the primarily visual perception resulting in an altogether different cultural production and socialization, different from the majority society which has the sense of hearing. Uhlig uses the classical form of the anthropological monograph to describe various aspects of deaf ethnicity, visual culture, deaf kinship and systems of signification based on sign languages. She discusses cultural effects of orality and signality as well as literature in sign language, or the concept of deafhood, practices of encounter and meeting, cycles of festivals, status and prestige generation – in the case of the German deaf community.

 

 

 

ULBRICH, CLAUDIA, HANS MEDICK & ANGELIKA SCHASER (Eds.)

Selbstzeugnis und Person. Transkulturelle Perspektiven

(Selbstzeugnisse der Neuzeit 20)

Köln: Böhlau Verlag 2012

431 pp., Euro 54.90; ISBN 3-412-20853-0

Keywords: modernity, identity in modernity, autobiography, biographical turn, self-descriptions, testimonials of self

 

Testimonial of self and person. Transcultural perspectives

The 30 papers of the book are result of the meeting of researchers (DFG-Forschergruppe „Selbstzeugnisse in transkultureller Perspektive“ in Berlin, 2010) towards the end of their mutual research period.

Testimonials of self are texts written by persons from various walks of life starting from the late Middle Ages. They are numerous and appear in different forms. Nowadays such autobiographical texts are considered to be very important, and they are a crucial part in the biographical turn in the historical and cultural sciences. Utilizing them it can be shown how their authors have constructed and situated themselves in a specific culture as persons and selves. And it is acknowledged that these texts had their effects on society as well: They founded, influenced and reinforced power relations, and are witnesses of events of their time, opening an anthropological dimension of historical events and processes. The papers present hitherto unknown texts in scholarly editions.

 

 

 

VOGEL, ANNA-LENA

Wahrheit im Bild. Welche Erkenntnis lässt sich aus Bildern ziehen?

Cargo. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 31.2012:24-31

Keywords: visual anthropology, picture information, information through pictures

 

Truth in pictures. Which insights can we gain from pictures?

This essay discusses „truth“ to be gained in pictures as conceptualized in Laura Perini, Walter Oberschelp, and as a source of cognition in the social sciences.

 

 

 

VOLZ, ANDREAS

Janiforme Darstellungen im interkulturellen Vergleich

Tribus 61.2012:114-155

Keywords: Janus heads, museology

 

##Janiform Representations in intercultural comparison

The Janus head is a powerful symbol in the cultures of the ancient world. Usually the two heads are looking in opposite directions. The patron of these kinds of sculptural representations is the Roman god Janus, the God of the doors, who opens the way from the old to the new (January). Beside in Europe we can find Janus-headed to sculptures in most parts of the world, especially in Africa and Oceania. Although, formal similarities to the dualistic concepts and ideas are obvious. But we can identify multiple and very different forms of explanations, based on the particular cultural traditions, their specific local philosophical, religious and ideological concepts.##

 

 

 

WERRON, TOBIAS 

Worum konkurrieren Nationalstaaten? Zu Begriff und Geschichte der Konkurrenz um „weiche" globale Güter

Zeitschrift für Soziologie 41,5.2012:338-355

Keywords: theory of society, historical sociology, nation states competition

 

##What do nation states compete for? A historical-sociological per-spective on competition for "soft" global goods

The assumption of competition among nation-states is a well-established premise of historical and sociological research on the modern state-system. The literature, however, typically focuses on certain forms of competition: States are seen as engaging in a continual power struggle for "hard" goods such as territories and natural and human sources while competition for "soft" ones such as attention, legitimacy, and the achievement of prestige tends to be neglected. This paper draws attention to the latter goods and presents a sociological model of public forms of competition that combines Simmel's concept of competition with insights from communication theory, media, and globalization research. This model draws attention to the influence of external observers of the state system - universalized third part such as international organizations, social scientists, and journalists - and to different forms of competition created by such processes and third parties. On this basis, the paper outlines three historical trends in competition between nation states (and national collective identities) since the late 19th century: competition for the prestige associated with modernity, for the prestige gained by specific cultural achievement, and for attention/ legitimacy.##

 

 

 

WICKER, HANS-RUDOLF

Migration, Differenz, Recht und Schmerz. Sozialanthropologische Essays zu einer sich verflüchtigenden Moderne, 1990-2010

Zürich: Seismo Verlag 2012

367 pp., Euro 37,-; ISBN 3-03777-110-5

Keywords: migration, pain, law and difference, torture, posttraumatic stress disorder

 

Migration, difference, law and pain. Social anthropological essays on a disappearing modernity, 1990-2010

Wicker analyzes, in 18 essays, present societal developments in Switzerland, European countries, and lastly, in the world. He frames these processes as increasingly complex, fragmented, and mobile. The first section groups topics of migration, migration politics, and civil rights together. The second section deals with flexibility, hybridity, authenticity, xenophobia, and multiculturalism – processes of inclusion and exclusion. The third section discusses the culturalization and discrimination of accused migrants in criminal law suits, and those sentenced living in jails. The last part has papers of a more general kind: pain and its meaning in postmodernity, torture and spheres of power, and the societal function of posttraumatic stress disorders.

 

 

 

WIERLACHER, ALOIS (Ed.)

Gastlichkeit. Rahmenthema der Kulinaristik

(Wissenschaftsforum Kulinaristik 3)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2011

543 pp., Euro 39,90; ISBN 3-643-11442-6

Keywords: culinaristics, hospitality and cultures, cultures of hospitality, food and hospitality

 

Hospitality. General frame notion of culinaristics

39 papers deal with various aspects of the topic. They are based on a 2009 colloquium in Ludwigshafen, Germany. The editor sees culinaristics as contribution of cultural and life sciences transcending disciplines – and as related to dietary and food consumerism research. The topic is framed by „hospitality“. The contributions describe concepts, foundations and worlds of communication relating to hospitality, they analyze discourses, comment on cultural specifics of hospitality behavior (e.g. in Islamic countries, in China). And they throw light on numerous aspects of professional and occupational hospitality in the context of culture, communication and kitchen, politics and economy, philosophy and aesthetics, theology and medicine, xenology and ritual research, tourism, and the aims of the system of dual study.

 

 

 

 

WONISCH, REGINA & THOMAS HÜBEL (Eds.)

Museum und Migration. Konzepte – Kontexte – Kontroversen

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2012

228 pp., Euro 27,80; ISBN 3-8376-1801-3

Keywords: migration and museum, museum and migration

 

Museum and migration. Concepts – contexts - controversies

Migration becomes a more frequent subject in exhibitions, and the migration museum has beome a new type of museum. Analyses from Germany, France, Austria and the Anglo-American field show how forms of the representation of migration depend on societal and political framings and national narratives of history.

 

 

 

ZAHNER, NINA TESSA

Zur Soziologie des Ausstellungsbesuchs. Positionen der soziologischen Forschung zur Inklusion und Exklusion von Publika im Kunstfeld

Sociologia Internationalis 50.2012:35-48

Keywords: art sociology, art and public space, public space and art

 

On the sociology of exhibition visits. Positions of sociological research on the inclusion and exclusion of visitors in the field of art

##Art exhibitions are visited by an elite audience in terms of education. Taking Pierre Bourdieu’s art theory as a starting point, the article investigates sociological explanations for this phenomenon. The spectrum of theories goes from structuralist approaches and studies of exhibitions as texts to individualistic approaches. The article argues that all these approaches are simplifying the phenomenon of visiting an art exhibition in one way or another and are thus producing ideological positions on art and its audiences. The article calls for more reflexivity of the sociological research on its own assumptions and votes for a not ideologically charged empirical research program on art and its audiences.##

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR KULTURAUSTAUSCH

Stuttgart: Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen 62.2012

Keywords: masculinity, rural life style, Mediterranean change, death and dying

 

The individual issues deal with the following topics:

62,1.2012: Geht doch! Ein Männerheft [An issue on men]

62,2.2012: Im Dorf. Auf der Suche nach einem besseren Leben [In the village. Searching for a better life]

62,3.2012: Am Mittelmeer. Menschen auf neuen Wegen. [In the Mediterranean Sea. Searching for new ways of life]

62,4.2012: Vom Sterben. Hein Heft über Leben und Tod [On Dying. An issue on life and death]

 

 

 

ZEMBYLAS, TASOS

Auf den Spuren von tacit knowing im künstlerischen Schaffensprozess

Sociologia Internationalis 50.2012:87-114

Keywords: tacit knowledge, knowledge and art, creative art, epistemology

 

Tracing tacit knowledge in the creative phase in the arts

##The aim of this article is to show the fruitful nexus between the sociology of arts and the epistemology of practice. Epistemology provides arts sociology with a theoretical framework for the empirical investigation of the artistic creative process. Deeper sociological insights in turn may help epistemology to locate practical artistic knowing within a socially constituted, shared institutional sphere, which has alternatetively been called the art world, the artistic field or system. In order to demonstrate this nexus, the article analyzes the epistemological conception of knowledge and highlights the specific assumption of the tacit knowing approach. Further, this theoretical analysis is linked to methodological challenges that affect empirical investigation. The particular research project based on case studies and interviews focusing on the epistemic structure of literary writing aims to deepen and substantiate the topic.##

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

AFRICA

 

 

 

ABBINK, JON (Ed.)

Fractures and reconnections: Civic action and the redefinition of African political and economic spaces. Studies in honor of Piet J.J. Konings

(African Studies Centre 5)

Zürich: Lit Verlag 2012

258 pp., Euro 29,90; ISBN 3-643-90256-6

Keywords: festschrift P.J.J. Konings, Konings, P.J.J., civic actions, labor relations, trade unions, education and politics, democratization, electoral authoritarianism

 

##The book contains original studies on civic action and sociopolitical behavior in contemporary Africa, ranging from young entrepreneurship in traditional medicine and confidence trickster practices two informal labor relations and the problems of Democratization and electoral autho-ritarianism. This collective volume thus collects to themes that are predominant in the work of Dr. Piet Konings, a sociologist of development and Africanist at the African Studies Centre in Leiden (1978-2008) and made major contributions to Ghana studies and Cameroon studies. The chapters address in various forms and mutations of contemporary civic action in the political, economic and social domains off African societies, all based on original field research and revealing unexpected dimensions of African socio-political life. The key themes discussed by Piet Konings in his own work, such as labour relations, trade union activities, African development and the impacts of ‚neo-liberalism’, educational systems and politics, political and social history, the politics of identity, ethno-regionalism, religious phenomena, and last but not least civil society and civic movements, are reflected in the studies presented here. These themes prove to be of undiminished relevance in Africa today, in the light of the rapid economic developments since the early 2000s, persistent social contestation, new forms of political claim-making which illustrate the as yet unresolved problems of state performance and collective political identities.##

 

 

 

ANDRE, GERALDINE & MARIE GODIN

Le travail des enfants dans les mines artisanales du Katanga (RDC)

Tsantsa. Revue de la Societé Suisse d’ethnologie 17.2012:55-65

Keywords: child labor, artisanal mining, agency, mining labor

 

##Children work in artisanal and small-scale mining in the Katanga Province. Interdependencies and agency

How can one understand that sub-Saharan African children are currently devoting themselves to dangerous and tenuous activities, such as artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM)? Could child miners be considered as  victims, entangled in the neoliberal flow of raw materials or could their trajectories result from choices progressively made? Children’s agency will be the main focus of this article which presents the results of a collective socio-anthropological research about „child labor“ in artisanal and small-scale mining in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Katanga Province). This paper aims to grasp the mining activities of children at the crossroad of different spheres of social relations in which the children are included (relationships at work, with the family, with the development world, and with the local community). From this viewpoint, the article describes how children mining activities can contribute to collective dynamics or if on the contrary, they overcome them.##

 

 

 

BEHRENDS, ANDREA & CAROLA LENTZ

Education, careers, and home ties: The ethnography of an emerging middle class from northern Ghana

Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 137,2.2012:139-164

Keywords: middle class, elites, education, social differentiation, upward mobility

 

##Comparing three generations of highly educated men and women from a marginalized region in Ghana, we discuss changing patterns of recruitment and reproduction, the new middle class’s relations with the rural home region as well as its members’ self-perceptions. Formal education and social networks continue to be the most important resources of upward mobility, but the educational requirements for success have risen, and entry into the national labour market has become increasingly difficult. While all three generations balance the exigencies of their careers with loyalties towards wider constituencies, how they meet these challenges has changed.##

 

BLOEMERTZ, LENA ET AL. (Eds.)

Risk and Africa. Multi-disciplinary empirical approaches

(Beiträge zur Afrikaforschung 51)

Wien: Lit Verlag 2012

275 pp., Euro 29.90; ISBN 3-643-90157-6

Keywords: risk, climate and risk, food and risk, fishery and risk, pastoralism and risk

 

##This book explores the changing nature of risk in contemporary African societies and contributes to current debates on the concept of risk. Technological hazards, pollution and climate change as well as the introduction of new forms of insurance and the restructuring of civil society are just some of the recent developments that invite us to be skeptical of prevailing notions of risk in the African context. The different contributions to this edited volume move away from focusing on the vulnerability of pre-modern societies in Africa and consider more localized and contemporary perspectives of risk. In exploring new empirical approaches to risk in Africa the book addresses the challenge of making theoretical and methodological advances in risk research relevant to understanding the processes of social change on the continent.##

HOLLOWAY, AILSA: Disaster Risk in Africa: Dynamic Discourse or Dysfunctional Dialogue?

FENDLER, UTE: Risk as a Thrilling Experience: Perception of Natural Disasters  in Africa between Hollywood and Documentary

SUTHERLAND, CATHERINE et al.: Lay Knowledge of Risk: Exploring the 'Riskscapes' of South Durban Communities

TEKA, OSCAR & JOACHIM VOGT: Method of Local Assessment of Natural Risks in Tropical Countries - Example of the Coastal Zone of Benin (West Africa)

ALEMU, GIRUM GETACHEW: Risk Perception among the Karrayu transhumant Agro-pastoralists of Central Ethiopia: A Heterogeneous Perspective

BOLLIG, MICHAEL: Social-ecological Change and the Changing Structure of Risk and Risk Management in a Pastoral Community in Northwestern Namibia

NDURU, GILBERT & SERAH KIRAGU: Climate Variability Risks, Perceptions and Coping Mechanisms in Kenya

OWIGAR, ROSEMARY, FRANCIS ANG'AWA & ANDREW KARANJA GITHEKO: Perceptions of Highland Communities on Climate Change and Epidemic Malaria in the West Kenya Highlands

OCHIENG, CAROLINE & ANDREA YITAMBE: Climate Change Risk and Food Insecurity in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands of Kenya

BAUER, CHRISTIAN & BERNHARD HERZ: Lessening Africa's Financial Burden - An ABS Approach

LEPPERT, GERALD: Financing Health Care - The Role of Micro Health Insurance in Sub-Saharan Africa

LANG, ANDREA M.: Weak Institutions - Robust Societies: Constructing Disasters and Coping with Risks in Africa

LEMOIGNE, NICOLAS: From One Risk to Another: International Projects and Food Risk in Cameroon: A Corrupted Approach?

SHITEMI, NAOMI L.: Coping with Socio-environmental Challenges in Kenya's North Rift: Grassroots Welfare Initatives

BARRATT, CAROLINE: Netting the Benefits Now or Later? Exploring the Relationship between Risk and Sustainability in Lake Victoria Fisheries, Uganda

 

 

 

BOGNER, ARTUR & GABRIELE ROSENTHAL

Die ,unerzählten‘ Geschichten von Außenseitern und deren Relevanz für die Analyse von (Post-)Konfliktfigurationen. Interviews mit Opfern kollektiver Gewalt in Norduganda (West Nile)

Sociologus 62.2012,2:115-142

Keywords: violence, victims of violence, conflict, post-conflict, collective violence, biography and violence

 

The „untold“ stories of outsiders and their relevance for analyzing (post-) conflict situations. Interviews with victims of collective violence in Northern Uganda (West Nile)

##We have conducted interviews with women and men who are victims of collective violence in the region of West Nile in northern Uganda, by the hands either of rebels or members of various government armies. We show the position and relevancy of their perspectives in public discourses in and about this region. Using biographical-narrative interviews and group discussions, we highlight how their voices are subdued in public discourses in which ex-rebels present themselves as victims of history. The interviews illustrate that the narrative interview method is of help also in this non-European research setting as it supports the interviewees to verbalise what they have suffered. The analysis of how collective violence is thematised in the interviews as well as in public discourses brings about important insights into the perspectivity and the biases of these discourses – and how these were generated. For this reason (amongst others), it is important, when analyzing the region’s recent history as well as (post-)conflict figurations in general to accommodate the biographical experiences of victims of collective violence.##

 

 

 

BRAUKMANN, FABIENNE

Marginalised hunters? Political and cultural challenges among the Haro of Lake Abaya (southern Ethiopia)

Paideuma 58.2012:181-196

Keywords: hunters, Haro, subsistence, hippopotamus hunters

 

##Having previously lived as hippopotamus hunters on Lake Abbaya, the Haro diversified their subsistence strategies through the 20th Century. Their specific geographical situation played a key role regarding their invisibility to urban populations and the nation state. Their integration into Ethiopian society was hardly made possible, which explains how the Haro maintain their strong identity as hippopotamus hunters till this day. The fact that they choose to be located on the periphery of the Ethiopian state demands a differentiated understanding of their marginalised status from two two-fold perspective.##

 

 

 

EPPLE, SUSANNE

Local responses to externally induced cultural change. The introduction of formal education in Bashada (southern Ethiopia)

Paideuma 58.2012:197-211

Keywords: induced change, Bashada, education, schooling, girls’ schooling

 

##Like many of their ethnic neighbours, the Bashada are agro-pastoralists and have been living relatively isolated from the modern world until one or two decades ago. Recently more and more changes have been introduced from the outside which are having an increasing impact on the daily lives of the people. One of these transformations is the introduction of formal education. The construction of numerous schools and increasing pressure by the the government to enrol more children, especially girls, is forcing the Bashada to respond and react. The paper shows that so far the Bashada have been able to be selective in accepting what they consider useful and in rejecting what seems harmful to their children, as well as to the core values of their culture.##

 

EPPLE, SUSANNE & SOPHIA THUBAUVILLE

Cultural diversity in Ethiopia between appreciation and suppression

Paideuma 58.2012:153-166

Keywords: diversity, cultural diversity, dominance, subordination, negotiation, ethnic federalism

 

##The aim of this collection of papers this to contribute to the discussion concerning the compatibility of cultural diversity with the concepts of human rights and development in the light of certain experiences in Ethiopia. Since the overthrow of the military and socialist regime in 1991, Ethiopia has undergone enormous changes with respect to the political process, development efforts and international relations. The introduction of ethnic federalism promises the equality of all of its more than eighty ethnic groups, and cultural diversity is publicly celebrated. However, it appears that the agenda of fast national development has led to apparent conflicts between continuity and change, as well as between tradition and modernity. This collection of papers highlights some contradictions and inconsistencies within Ethiopian laws and policies, as well as clashes between certain policies and particular cultural values and practices at the local level. The implementation some some of these policies caused resistance on the part of the local communities against certain – from their perspective – new developments, and this resistance led in turn to different forms of pressure applied by the government and non-governmental institutions to ensure compliance. The individual papers provide insights into local perspectives, experiences and reactions to perceived pressure and induced cultural change, ranging from smooth transition to new forms of life, to confusion and reluctance or partial involvement, to negotiated compromise and strict legal enforcement.##

 

 

 

FICHTNER, SARAH

The NGOisation of education. Case studies from Benin

(Mainzer Beiträge zur Afrikaforschung 31)

Köln: Köppe Verlag 2012

196 pp., Euro 35.80; ISBN 3-89645-832-2

Keywords: NGOs, education and NGOs, Global South

 

##The NGOisation of education has emerged both as driving mechanism and as a consequence of the globalisation of public services that increased tremendously during the peak of neoliberal global governance in the long 1980s. Since then, international development agencies have recognized the comparable advantage of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) over state institutions for being ostensibly less corrupt, more efficient, and for their ability to maintain closer relationships with the ‚target populations’. Currently, NGOs’ development aid in the field of education involves primarily the promotion, marketing, and management of global models, norms and standards, and to a much lesser extent the provision of resources and services to ‚the poor’. This development-driven promotion of norms, i.e. shared, evaluative expectations of behaviour regarding how beneficiaries of aid should develop and manage their own development, takes place at the very heart of the state as well as at its margins. Based on the four case studies from the West African country of Benin, Sarah Fichtner examines the processes of the NGOisation from an empirical perspective. She provides a counter-perspective to essentialist and exoticising essays on the African state, as well as to econometric and world-culturalist approaches to education in the Global South.##

 

 

 

FISCHER, ANJA

Sprechkunst der Tuareg. Interaktion und Soziabilität bei Saharanomaden

Berlin: Reimer Verlag 2012

223 pp., Euro 35,-; ISBN 3-496-02847-5

Keywords: nomads, Tuareg, verbal interaction, linguistic anthropology, norms and speaking

 

Verbal art of the Tuareg. Interaction and sociability among Sahara nomads

This fieldwork-based study deals with those people calling themselves Imuhaṛ, living in Southern Algeria. There are introductions to history, geography, society, grammar, and linguistic research. Fischer reflects on her fieldwork, introduces linguistic anthropology (in the Sahara, „linguistic nomadology“), and the ethnography of speaking. Fischer shows how the art of conversation among Tuareg is adapted to their nomadic lifestyle, agreeing with S.J. Rasmussen, who saw Tuareg „skill in indirect verbal expression“ in dealing with conflict, and that they „articulate grievances euphemistically“. The book is then organized according to „conversation in linguistic portrait“, which includes spatial, time, and social dimensions, the repertoire and capacity of speaking, camouflaged speaking, verbal rituals codifications, secret language, riddles etc. – all of which is exemplified in concrete persons during fieldwork. The last chapter has examples dealing with social values, concepts of avoidance, sociability, norms of verbal interaction etc. The appendix has a Tamahaq-German glossary. The book includes many black-and-white photographs.

 

 

 

FRAHM, OLE

Defining the nation: National identity in south Sudanese media discourse

Africa Spectrum 47,1:21-49

Keywords: nation-building, state-building, Arabization, Islamization, ethnicity and nation

 

##This article examines debates about national identity in the media landscape of post-referendum and post-independence South Sudan. Having never existed as a sovereign state and with its citizens being a minority group in Sudan, collective action amongst south Sudanese has historically been shaped in response to external pressures: in particular, the aggressive nation-building pursued by successive Khartoum governments that sought to Arabize and Islamize the south. Today, in the absence of a clear-cut enemy, it is a major challenge for south Sudan to devise a common identity that unites the putative nation beyond competing loyalties to ethnicity, tribe and family. Analysing opinion pieces from south Sudanese online media and placing them in the context of contemporary African nationalism, this article gives an initial overview of the issues that dominate the public debate on national identity: fear of tribalism and regionalism, commemoration of the liberation struggle, and the role of Christianity.##

 

 

 

HAHN, HANS PETER & KRISTIN KASTNER (Eds.)

Urban life-worlds in motion. African perspectives

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2012

228 pp., Euro 32.80; ISBN 3-8376-2022-1

Keywords: urban anthropology, poverty, scamming, magic, traffic vendors, Tuareg traders

 

##Urban agglomerations host the most vital and creative societies. This applies particularly to Africa, where cities have the highest growth rates worldwide and where the urban population is younger than anywhere else. Urban life-worlds are the basis for the development of new lifestyles and new cultural phenomena. Based on empirical ethnographic research, this book presents case studies that enhance our understanding of the dynamics of urbanity in Africa and beyond – by envisioning cities as crossroads where cultures, biographies networks meet.##

HAHN, HANS PETER: Introduction. Urban Life-Worlds in Motion

NWAKA, GEOFFREY I.: The Urban Poor, the Informal Sector and Environmental Health Policy in Nigeria

FREI, BETTINA: 'l go chop your Dollar'. Scamming Practices and Notions of Moralities among Youth in Bamenda, Cameroon

GEMMEKE, AMBER: Women and Magic in Dakar. Rural Immigrants Coping with Urban Uncertainties

TAZANU, PRIMUS M.: 'They behave as though they want to bring heaven down'. Some Narratives on the Visibility of Cameroonian Migrant Youths in Cameroon Urban Space

KLAEGER, GABRIEL: Movements into Emotions. Kinetic Tactics, Commotion and Conviviality among Traffic Vendors in Accra

MUSCH, TILMAN: The Transnational Choice. Young Tuareg Traders between Niger and Nigeria

KIBORA, LUDOVIC: The issue of the Diaspo in Ouagadougou

KANE, ABDOULAYE: Haalpulaar migrants’ home connections. Travel and communication circuits

KASTNER, KRISTIN: Epilogue. Images and spaces

 

 

 

HEMER, OSCAR

Fiction and truth in transition. Writing the present past in South Africa and Argentina

(Freiburg studies in social anthropology 34)

Wien: Lit Verlag 2012

517 pp., Euro 49.90; ISBN 3-643-80122-7

Keywords: fiction and reality, fiction and ethnography, investigation by fiction

 

##What can fiction tell us about the world that journalism and science cannot? This simple, vast question is the starting-point for an interrogation of the relationship between literary fiction and society’s dramatic transformation in South Africa and Argentina over the past two, three decades. The resulting discursive text borders on both journalism and literature, incorporating reportage, essay and memoir.##

The book has three major parts: Premises (theoretical aspects, namely „the writer as researcher“ and „the anthropological turn“ being a recourse to Writing Culture, ethnography and fieldwork in general in which the author names a number of literary examples; then the South African, and the part of Argentina. The latter two deal with culture-context-specific issues: In the case of South Africa public space, reinventing history, reconciliation and others are discussed, all the while analyzing literary cases, and for Argentina the same method is followed. A final chapter discusses „fiction and social change“, the role of fiction as a „means of investigation“.

 

 

 

ILLE, ENRICO

The classification of drinking water between public administration and rural communities in South Kordofan, Sudan. Travelling models and technologies

Sociologus 62.2012,1:73-94

Keywords: drinking water, potable water, water and politics, ‚travelling models’

 

##This article discusses different technologies used to classify water as potable or non-potable in South Kordofan, Sudan. The case of a water pump in the village Abol is presented to show how different actors dealt with the uncertain situation, when changes in the water coming from the pump caused doubt about its potability. Officials in South Kordofan’s public administration system attempted to follow the model procedures for such a case, but failed to produce a relevant link between their results and Abol’s community of water users. The water users reacted in different ways to the situation, due to their different belief systems and their unequal practical options. The article employs the terminology of ‘travelling models’ as developed by Richard Rottenburg (Rottenburg 2005; 2009) in analysing this heterogeneity in the face of a joint problem.##

 

 

 

KILIAN, CASSIS

Schwarz besetzt. Postkoloniale Planspiele im afrikanischen Film

(Postcolonial Studies 14)

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2012

396 pp., Euro 35.80; ISBN 3-8376-2142-6

Keywords: film in Africa, Nollywood, movies, ritual, postcolonialism, colonialism and film, reflexivity, Plessner, H.

 

 

Black roles. Postcolonial planning games in African film

In African film, white roles are often filled with Africans, and these roles become a space of imagination which enable to stage planning games. The author shows that African film directors use the stage as a space for negotiation, experimenting with postcolonial situations like colonial heritage, neocolonial structures, or the hegemony of western media. In the course of presenting and discussing about a dozen films, African and European ones (like Les maîtres fous by Jean Rouch) in the light of various discourses relating to film and media – and informed by philosophy, literature, reflexivity – Kilian has concluded that in African movies, Africans in the roles of whites are a performative act because in each of these cases the signification of skin color, which in western countries is subject to restrictive categories, is refuted. In the films analyzed black actors contribute to reveal possibilities of action discussed by Helmuth Plessner in his Anthropology of the film actor (1948).

 

 

 

KLEINITZ, CORNELIA & CLAUDIA NÄSER (Eds.)

„Nihna nâs al-bahar – We are the people of the river.“ Ethnographic research in the Fourth Nile Cataract Region, Sudan

(Meroitica. Schriften zur altsudanesischen Geschichte und Archäologie 26)

Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag 2012

304 pp., Euro 68,-; ISBN 3-447-06891-8

Keywords: domestic architecture, architecture, displacement, ‚tribal’ belonging, belonging, resettlement

 

## This volume is a tribute to the people of the Fourth Cataract, past and present. By evaluating the conditions of dam construction, the ‚salvage’ of heritage, and the fate of the affected communities from various perspectives, it aims to call into question the valuation of the past over the present, of the dead over the living, in current salvage practice in Sudan. As many more people along the middle Nile valley face forced resettlement and the loss of their cultural identity, this volume is also a contribution to the critical discussion of the benefits and the human costs of major infrastructural development projects in Sudan and beyond.##

KLEINITZ, CORNELIA & CLAUDIA NÄSER: Introduction

BECK, KURT: Crisis, innovation and the social domestication of the new: One century of Manâsîr social history

HABERLAH, DAVID: Cultural landscape of Dar al-Manasir

WESCHENFELDER, PETRA: Manâsîr women’s contributions to economic and social life: A case study from Kirbekân in Dar al-Manâsîr

RESHETNIKOVA, NADEJDA: Recent domestic architecture in the area between Dar el Arab and Dar el Waraaq at the Fourth Nile Cataract

WELSH, FRANCES